Advertisement

Cygnus X-3

  • Alba Fernández Barral
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Cygnus X-3, discovered 50 years ago (Giacconi et al. 1967), is one of the brightest X-ray sources in our Galaxy and the strongest radio source among the X-ray binaries, displaying two-sided transient powerful relativistic radio jets (Martí et al. 2001; Miller-Jones et al. 2004).

References

  1. Ackermann M, Ajello M, Allafort A, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Belfiore, Bellazzini R, Berenji, Blandford RD, Bloom ED, Bonamente E, Borgland AW, Bottacini E, Brigida M, Bruel P, Buehler R, Buson S, Caliandro GA, Cameron RA, Caraveo PA, Casandjian JM, Cecchi C, Chekhtman A, Cheung CC, Chiang J, Ciprini S, Claus R, Cohen-Tanugi J, de Angelis A, de Palma F, Dermer CD, do Couto e Silva E, Drell PS, Dumora, Favuzzi C, Fegan, Focke, Fortin, Fukazawa, Fusco, Gargano F, Germani S, Giglietto N, Giordano F, Giroletti M, Glanzman T, Godfrey G, Grenier IA, Guillemot, Guiriec, Hadasch D, Hanabata Y, Harding AK, Hayashida M, Hayashi K, Hays E, Jóhannesson G, Johnson AS, Kamae T, Katagiri, Kataoka J, Kerr, Knödlseder J, Kuss M, Lande J, Latronico L, Lee, Longo F, Loparco F, Lott, Lovellette MN, Lubrano P, Martin, Mazziotta MN, McEnery JE, Mehault J, Michelson PF, Mitthumsiri W, Mizuno T, Monte, Monzani ME, Morselli A, Moskalenko IV, Murgia S, Naumann-Godo, Nolan, Norris, Nuss, Ohsugi T, Okumura, Orlando E, Ormes JF, Ozaki, Paneque D, Parent, Pesce-Rollins M, Pierbattista, Piron F, Pohl, Prokhorov, Rainò S, Rando R, Razzano M, Reposeur, Ritz S, Parkinson, Sgrò, Siskind EJ, Smith DA, Spinelli P, Strong AW, Takahashi T, Tanaka T, Thayer JG, Thayer JB, Thompson DJ, Tibaldo O, Torres, Tosti, Tramacere, Troja E, Uchiyama Y, Vandenbroucke J, Vasileiou V, Vianello G, Vitale V, Waite AP, Wang, Winer BL, Wood KS, Yang Z, Zimmer S, Bontemps Ackermann M et al. (2011) Science, 334, 1103Google Scholar
  2. Aharonian FA (2004) Very high energy cosmic gamma radiation: a crucial window on the extreme Universe. World Scientific Publishing CoGoogle Scholar
  3. Aharonian F, Akhperjanian AG, Aye KM, Bazer-Bachi AR, Beilicke M, Benbow W, Berge D, Berghaus P, Bernlöhr K, Boisson C, Bolz O, Borrel V, Braun L, Breitling F, Brown AM, Gordo J, Chadwick PM, Chounet LM, Cornils R, Costamante L, Degrange B, Dickinson HL, Djannati-Ataï A, Drury L, Dubus G Emmanoulopoulos D, Espigat P, Feinstein F, Fleury P, Fontaine G, Fuchs Y, Funk S, Gallant YA, Giebels B, Gillessen S, Glicenstein JF, Goret P, Hadjichristidis C, Hauser M, Heinzelmann G, Henri G, Hermann G, Hinton JA, Hofmann W, Holleran M, Horns D, Jacholkowska A, de Jager OC, Khélifi B, Komin NU, Konopelko A, Latham IJ, Le Gallou R, Lemière A, Lemoine-Goumard M, Leroy N, Lohse T, Marcowith A, Martin JM, Martineau-Huynh O, Masterson C, McComb TJL, de Naurois M, Nolan SL, Noutsos A, Orford KJ, Osborne JL, Ouchrif M, Panter M, Pelletier G, Pita S, Pühlhofer G, Punch M, Raubenheimer BC, Raue M, Raux J, Rayner SM, Reimer A, Reimer O, Ripken J, Rob L, Rolland L, Rowell G, Sahakian V, Saugé L, Schlenker S, Schlickeiser R, Schuster C, Schwanke U, Siewert M, Sol H, Spangler D, Steenkamp R, Stegmann C, Tavernet JP, Terrier R, Théoret CG, Tluczykont M, Vasileiadis G, Venter C, Vincent P, Völk HJ, Wagner SJ, Aharonian F et al (2005) Science 309:746Google Scholar
  4. Aleksić, Antonelli, Antoranz, Backes, Baixeras, Barrio, Bastieri, Becerra González, Bednarek, Berdyugin, Berger, Bernardini, Biland, Blanch, Bock, Boller, Bonnoli, Bordas, Borla Tridon, Bosch-Ramon, Bose, Braun, Bretz, Britzger, Camara, Carmona, Carosi, Colin, Contreras, Cortina, Costado, Covino, Dazzi, De Angelis, De Cea del Pozo, De Lotto, De Maria, De Sabata, Delgado Mendez, Doert, Domínguez, Dominis Prester, Dorner, Doro, Elsaesser, Errando, Ferenc, Fonseca, Font, García López, Garczarczyk, Gaug, Godinovic, Göebel, Hadasch, Herrero, Hildebrand, Höhne-Mönch, Hose, Hrupec, Hsu, Jogler, Klepser, Krähenbühl, Kranich, La Barbera, Laille, Leonardo, Lindfors, Lombardi, Longo, López, Lorenz, Majumdar, Maneva, Mankuzhiyil, Mannheim, Maraschi, Mariotti, Martínez, Mazin, Meucci, Miranda, Mirzoyan, Miyamoto, Moldón, Moles, Moralejo, Nieto, Nilsson, Ninkovic, Orito, Oya, Paiano, Paoletti, Paredes, Partini, Pasanen, Pascoli, Pauss, Pegna, Perez-Torres, Persic, Peruzzo, Prada, Prandini, Puchades, Puljak, Reichardt, Rhode, Ribó, Rico, Rissi, Rügamer, Saggion, Saito, Saito, Salvati, Sánchez-Conde, Satalecka, Scalzotto, Scapin, Schultz, Schweizer, Shayduk, Shore, Sierpowska-Bartosik, Sillanpää, Sitarek, Sobczynska, Spanier, Spiro, Stamerra, Steinke, Struebig, Suric, Takalo, Tavecchio, Temnikov, Terzic, Tescaro, Teshima, Torres, Vankov, Wagner, Weitzel, Zabalza, Zandanel, Zanin, MAGIC Collaboration Aleksić J et al (2010b) 721, 843Google Scholar
  5. Archambault M, Beilicke M, Benbow W, Berger K, Bird R, Bouvier A, Buckley JH, Bugaev V, Byrum K, Cerruti M, Chen X, Ciupik L, Connolly MP, Cui W, Duke C, Dumm J, Errando M, Falcone A, Federici S, Feng Q, Finley JP, Fortson L, Furniss A, Galante N, Gillanders GH, Griffin S, Griffiths ST, Grube J, Gyuk G, Hanna D, Holder J, Hughes G, Humensky TB, Kaaret P, Kertzman M, Khassen Y, Kieda D, Krawczynski H, Lang MJ, Madhavan AS, Maier G, Majumdar P, McArthur S, McCann A, Moriarty P, Mukherjee R, Nieto D, O’Faoláin de Bhróithe A, Ong RA, Otte AN, Pandel D, Park N, Perkins JS, Pohl M, Popkow A, Prokoph H, Quinn J, Ragan K, Rajotte J, Reyes LC, Reynolds PT, Richards GT, Roache E, Sembroski GH, Sheidaei, Smith, Staszak, Telezhinsky, Theiling, Tucci, Tyler, Varlotta, Vincent, Wakely, Weekes, Weinstein, Williams, Zitzer, VERITAS Collaboration and, McCollough, Astrophysical Observatory Archambault S et al (2013) 779, 150Google Scholar
  6. Becklin E, Neugebauer G, Hawkins FJ, Mason KO, Sanford W, Matthews K, Wynn-Williams CG, Becklin EE et al (1973) 245, 302Google Scholar
  7. Bhat CL, Sapru ML, Razdan H, Bhat CL et al (1986) 306, 587Google Scholar
  8. Carpano S, Pollock AMT, Wilms J, Ehle M, Schirmer M, Carpano S et al (2007) 461, L9Google Scholar
  9. Cheung CC et al (2016) The Astronomer’s telegram, 9502Google Scholar
  10. Collaboration Fermi LAT, Abdo AA, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Axelsson, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G, Bastieri D, Baughman Bechtol K, Bellazzini R, Berenji B, Blandford RD, Bloom ED, Bonamente E, Borgland AW, Brez A, Brigida M, Bruel P, Burnett TH, Buson S, Caliandro GA, Cameron RA, Caraveo PA, Casandjian JM, Cecchi C, Çelik O, Chaty S, Cheung CC, Chiang J, Ciprini S, Claus R, Cohen-Tanugi J, Cominsky, Conrad Corbel S, Corbet R, Dermer CD, de Palma F, Digel SW, do Couto e Silva E, Drell PS, Dubois R, Dubus G, Dumora D, Farnier, Favuzzi C, Fegan SJ, Focke, Fortin P, Frailis M, Fusco P, Gargano F, Gehrels N, Germani S, Giavitto, Giebels, Giglietto N, Giordano, Glanzman T, Godfrey G, Grenier IA, Grondin MH, Grove JE, Guillemot, Guiriec S, Hanabata, Harding AK, Hayashida M, Hays E, Hill AB, Hjalmarsdotter, Horan D, Hughes RE, Jackson, Jóhannesson G, Johnson AS, Johnson RP, Johnson,TJ Kamae T, Katagiri H, Kawai, Kerr M, Knödlseder J, Kocian, Koerding E, Kuss M, Lande J, Latronico L, Lemoine-Goumard M, Longo F, Loparco F, Lott B, Lovellette MN, Lubrano P, Madejski, Makeev A, Marchand, Marelli, Max-Moerbeck, Mazziotta, McColl, McEnery JE, Meurer C, Michelson PF, Migliari, Mitthumsiri W, Mizuno T, Monte C, Monzani ME, Morselli A, Moskalenko IV, Murgia S, Nolan PL, Norris JP, Nuss E, Ohsugi T, Omodei N, Ong, Ormes JF, Paneque D, Parent D, Pelassa V, Pepe M, Pesce-Rollins M, Piron F, Pooley, Porter TA, Pottschmidt, Rainò S, Rando R, Ray PS, Razzano M, Rea N, Readhead, Reimer A, Reimer O, Richards, Rochester, Rodriguez, Rodriguez, Romani RW, Ryde F, Sadrozinski FW, Sander A, Saz Parkinson PM, Sgrò C, Siskind EJ, Smith A, Smith PD, Spinelli P, Starck JL, Stevenson, Strickman MS, Suson DJ, Takahashi H, Tanaka T, Thayer JG, Thompson, DJ, Tibaldo L, Tomsick, Torres DF, Tosti G, Tramacere A, Uchiyama Y, Usher TL, Vasileiou V, Vilchez N, Vitale V, Waite AP, Wang P, Wilms, Winer, Wood, Ylinen, Ziegler Fermi LAT Collaboration et al (2009b) Science 326:1512Google Scholar
  11. Corbel S, Dubus G, Tomsick J, Szostek A, Corbet R, Miller-Jones J, Richards JL, Pooley G, Trushkin S, Dubois R, Hill AB, Kerr M, Max-Moerbeck W, Readhead ACS, Bodaghee A, Tudose V, Parent D, Wilms J, Pottschmidt Corbel S et al (2012), 421, 2947Google Scholar
  12. Egron E, Pellizzoni A, Giroletti M, Righini S, Orlati A, Iacolina N, Navarrini, Buttu M, Migoni C, Melis A, Concu R, Vargiu, Bachetti M, Pilia M, Trois A, Loru S, Marongiu M, Egron E et al (2016) The Astronomer’s telegram, 9508Google Scholar
  13. Giacconi R, Gorenstein P, Gursky H, Waters JR et al. (1967) 148: L119Google Scholar
  14. Gregory PC, Kronberg PP, Seaquist ER, Hughes VA, Woodsworth A, Viner MR, Retallack D, Hjellming RM, Balick B, Gregory PC et al (1972) Nat Phys Sci 239, 114Google Scholar
  15. Hanson MM, Still MD, Fender Hanson RP et al (2000) 541, 308Google Scholar
  16. Hjalmarsdotter L, Zdziarski AA, Larsson S, Beckmann V, McCollough M, Hannikainen DC, Vilhu Hjalmarsdotter L et al (2008) 384, 278Google Scholar
  17. Krimm HA, Holland ST, Corbet RHD, Pearlman AB, Romano P, Kennea JA, Bloom JS, Barthelmy SD, Baumgartner WH, Cummings JR, Gehrels N, Lien AY, Markwardt CB, Palmer DM, Sakamoto T, Stamatikos M, Ukwatta Krimm HA et al (2013) 209, 14Google Scholar
  18. MAGIC Collaboration, Ahnen ML, Ansoldi S, Antonelli, LA Arcaro C, Babić A, Banerjee B, Bangale P, Barres de Almeida U, Barrio JA, Becerra González J, Bednarek W, Bernardini E, Berti A, Bhattacharyya, Biasuzzi B, Biland A, Blanch O, Bonnefoy S, Bonnoli G, Carosi R, Carosi A, Chatterjee A, Colin P, Colombo E, Contreras JL, Cortina J, Covino S, Cumani P, Da Vela P, Dazzi F, De Angelis A, De Lotto B, de Oña Wilhelmi E, Di Pierro F, Doert M, Domínguez A, Dominis Prester D, Dorner D, Doro M, Einecke S, Eisenacher Glawion D, Elsaesser D, Engelkemeier D, Fallah Ramazani V, Fernández-Barral A, Fidalgo D, Fonseca MV, Font L, Fruck C, Galindo D, García López RJ, Garczarczyk M, Gaug M, Giammaria P, Godinović N, Gora D, Griffiths S, Guberman D, Hadasch D, Hahn A, Hassan T, Hayashida M, Herrera J, Hose J, Hrupec D, Hughes G, Ishio K, Konno Y, Kubo H, Kushida J, Kuveždić D, Lelas D, Lindfors E, Lombardi S, Longo F, López M, Maggio, Majumdar P, Makariev M, Maneva G, Manganaro M, Mannheim K, Maraschi L, Mariotti M, Martínez M, Mazin D, Menzel U, Minev M, Mirzoyan R, Moralejo A, Moreno V, Moretti E, Neustroev V, Niedzwiecki A, Nievas Rosillo M, Nilsson K, Ninci, Nishijima K, Noda K, Nogués L, Paiano S, Palacio J, Paneque D, Paoletti R, Paredes JM, Paredes-Fortuny X, Pedaletti G, Peresano M, Perri L, Persic M, Prada Moroni PG, Prandini E, Puljak I, Garcia JR, Reichardt I, Rhode W, Ribó M, Rico J, Saito T, Satalecka K, Schroeder S, Schweizer T, Shore SN, Sillanpää A, Sitarek J, Šnidarić I, Sobczynska D, Stamerra A, Strzys M, Surić T, Takalo L, Tavecchio F, Temnikov P, Terzić T, Tescaro D, Teshima M, Torres DF, Torres-Albà N, Treves A, Vanzo G, Vazquez Acosta M, Vovk I, Ward JE, Will M, Zarić MAGIC Collaboration et al (2017) ArXive-printsGoogle Scholar
  19. Martí J, Paredes JM, Peracaula M, Martí J et al (2001) 375:476Google Scholar
  20. Matsuoka M, Kawasaki K, Ueno S, Tomida H, Kohama M, Suzuki M, Adachi Y, Ishikawa M, Mihara T, Sugizaki M, Isobe N, Nakagawa Y, Tsunemi H, Miyata E, Kawai N, Kataoka J, Morii M, Yoshida A, Negoro H, Nakajima M, Ueda Y, Chujo H, Yamaoka K, Yamazaki O, Nakahira S, You T, Ishiwata R, Miyoshi S, Eguchi S, Hiroi K, Katayama H, Ebisawa K, Matsuoka M et al (2009) 61, 999Google Scholar
  21. McCollough ML, Corrales L, Dunham MM, McCollough ML et al (2016) 830, L36Google Scholar
  22. Miller-Jones JCA, Blundell KM, Rupen MP, Mioduszewski AJ, Duffy P, Beasley AJ, Miller-Jones JCA et al (2004) 600, 368Google Scholar
  23. Parsignault DR, Gursky H, Kellogg EM, Matilsky T, Murray S, Schreier S, Tananbaum H, Giacconi R, Brinkman AC, Parsignault DR et al (1972) Nat Phys Sci 239, 123Google Scholar
  24. Piano C, Tavani M, Bulgarelli A, Verrecchia F, Donnarumma I, Munar-Adrover, Minervini, Fioretti, Zoli, Pittori, Lucarelli, Vercellone, Striani, Cardillo, Gianotti, Trifoglio, Giuliani, Mereghetti, Caraveo, Perotti, Chen, Argan, Costa, Del Monte, Evangelista Y, Feroci, Lazzarotto F, Lapshov I, Pacciani L, Soffitta P, Sabatini S, Vittorini V, Pucella G, Rapisarda M, Di Cocco G, Fuschino F, Galli M, Labanti C, Marisaldi M, Pellizzoni A, Pilia M, Trois A, Barbiellini G, Vallazza E, Longo F, Morselli A, Picozza P, Prest M, Lipari P, Zanello D, Cattaneo PW, Rappoldi A, Colafrancesco S, Parmiggiani N, Ferrari A, Antonelli A, Giommi P, Salotti L, Valentini G, D’Amico Piano G et al (2016) The Astronomer’s telegram, 9429Google Scholar
  25. Prestwich AH, Kilgard R, Crowther PA, Carpano S, Pollock AMT, Zezas A, Saar SH, Roberts TP, Ward MJ, Prestwich AH et al (2007) 669, L21Google Scholar
  26. Singh, NS, Naik S, Paul B, Agrawal PC, Rao AR, Singh A, Singh NS et al (2002) 392, 161Google Scholar
  27. Stark MJ et al (2003) 587, L101Google Scholar
  28. Szostek A, Zdziarski AA, McCollough ML Szostek A et al (2008) 388, 1001Google Scholar
  29. Tavani M, Bulgarelli G, Piano G, Sabatini S, Striani E, Evangelista Y, Trois A, Pooley G, Trushkin S, Nizhelskij NA, McCollough M, Koljonen KII, Pucella G, Giuliani A, Chen AW, Costa E, Vittorini V, Trifoglio M, Gianotti F, Argan A, Barbiellini G, Caraveo P, Cattaneo PW, Cocco V, Contessi T, D’Ammando F, Del Monte E, de Paris G, Di Cocco G, di Persio G, Donnarumma I, Feroci M, Ferrari A, Fuschino F, Galli M, Labanti C, Lapshov I, Lazzarotto F, Lipari P, Longo E, Mattaini E, Marisaldi M, Mastropietro M, Mauri A, Mereghetti S, Morelli E, Morselli A, Pacciani L, Pellizzoni A, Perotti F, Picozza P, Pilia M, Prest M, Rapisarda M, Rappoldi A, Rossi E, Rubini A, Scalise E, Soffitta P, Vallazza E, Vercellone S, Zambra A, Zanello D, Pittori, Verrecchia F, Giommi P, Colafrancesco S, Santolamazza P, Antonelli A, Salotti Tavani M et al (2009b) 462:620Google Scholar
  30. Trushkin SA, Nizhelskij NA, Tsybulev PG, Zhekanis GV, Trushkin SA et al (2016a) The Astronomer’s telegram, 9416Google Scholar
  31. Trushkin SA, Nizhelskij NA, Tsybulev PG, Zhekanis GV, Trushkin SA et al (2016b) ArXiv e-printsGoogle Scholar
  32. Trushkin SA, Nizhelskij NA, Tsybulev PG, Zhekanis GV, Trushkin SA et al (2016c) The Astronomer’s telegram, 9501Google Scholar
  33. van Kerkwijk MH, Charles PA, Geballe TR, King DL, Miley GK, Molnar LA, van den Heuvel EPJ, van der Klis M, van Paradijs J, van Kerkwijk MH et al (1992) 355, 703Google Scholar
  34. Vladimirsky BM, Stepanian AA, Fomin VP, Vladimirsky BM et al (1973) International Cosmic Ray Conference, 1, 456Google Scholar
  35. Waltman EB, Fiedler RL, Johnston KJ, Ghigo Waltman EB et al (1994) 08, 179Google Scholar
  36. Waltman EB, Ghigo FD, Johnston KJ, Foster RS, Fiedler JH, Spencer Waltman EB et al (1995) 110, 290Google Scholar
  37. Waltman SJ, Foster RS, Pooley GG, Fender RP, Ghigo FD, Waltman EB et al (1996) 112, 2690Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CTAO gGmbH (Headquarters)HeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.CTAO gGmbH (Local Office)BolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations