Cool, Creative, But Not so Equal
This chapter examines the under-representation of female entrepreneurs and workers in the global digital media industries. The chapter discusses the cases of three Asian American female employees who initiated lawsuits in Silicon Valley. Though gender is a prominent factor in creating barriers to women’s careers advancement, other characteristics, including family, age, work experience and ethnicity, overlap with gender. The career history of two Taiwanese female tech entrepreneurs is reflective of the recent industrial history of their country of origin. Despite the fact that their companies are globally recognised, these two women participate in entrepreneurship only alongside family and relatives whom they can trust, and they have taken on gender-specific roles within their companies. The comparative perspective in the chapter demonstrates that while gender plays a vital part in explaining these women’s careers, other intersectional factors, including ethnicity, personal life history and national contexts, need to be taken into account.
- Acker, Joan. “Gendering Organizational Theory.” In Gendering Organizational Theory, edited by Albert J. Mills, Peta Tancred and Karen Korabik, 248–60. London: Sage, 1992.Google Scholar
- Benner, Katie. “Women in Tech Speak Frankly on Culture of Harassment.” New York Times, June 30, 2017.Google Scholar
- Brah, Avtar, and Ann Phoenix. “Ain’t I A Woman? Revisiting Intersectionality.” Journal of International Women’s Studies 5, no. 3 (2004): 75–86.Google Scholar
- Castaño, Cecilia, and Juliet Webster. “Understanding Women’s Presence in ICT: The Life Course Perspective Understanding Women’s Presence in ICT: The Life Course Perspective.” International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology 3, no. 2 (2011): 365–86.Google Scholar
- Cockburn, Cynthia. Brothers: Male Dominance and Technological Change. London: Pluto, 1983.Google Scholar
- Espiritu, Yen Le. Asian American Women and Men: Labor, Laws, and Love. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira, 2000.Google Scholar
- Hsieh, Michelle Fei-yu. “Adapting SMEs in a Globalizing World: The Case from Taiwan.” Paper presented at Globalisation, Market Transformation and Taiwan Corporations Conference, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, June 3, 2014.Google Scholar
- Kelan, Elisabeth K. “Emotions in a Rational Profession: The Gendering of Skills in ICT Work.” Gender, Work & Organization 15, no. 1 (2007): 49–71.Google Scholar
- Lafrance, Adrienne. “Saying the Right Things, Doing None of Them.” The Atlantic, November 10, 2015. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/11/saying-the-right-things-doing-none-of-them/415092/.
- Lee, Zong-Rong, and Ming-yi Chang. “Keeping Up with the Family? A Longitudinal Analysis of Kinship Networks and Performance of Intercorporate Alliances.” Paper presented at Globalisation, Market Transformation and Taiwan Corporations Conference, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, June 3, 2014.Google Scholar
- Leung, Wing-Fai, Rosalind Gill, and Keith Randle. “Getting in, Getting on, Getting Out? Women as Career Scramblers in the UK Film and Television Industries.” Sociological Review 63, SI (2015): 50–65.Google Scholar
- Lowe, Lisa. Immigration Acts: On Asian American Cultural Politics. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 1996.Google Scholar
- Lu, Yu-hsia. “Women and Work in Taiwanese Family Business.” Paper presented at Conference of Research Committee on Social Stratification and Mobility of the International Sociological Association (ISA-RC28), Taipei, Taiwan: Academia Sinica, January 7–9, 1998.Google Scholar
- Lu, Yu-hsia. “The Boss’s Wife and Taiwanese Small Family Business.” In Women’s Working Lives in East Asia, edited by Mary C. Brinton, 263–98. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
- Poon, OiYan, Dian Squire, Corinne Kodama, Ajani Byrd, Jason Chan, Lester Manzano, Sara Furr, and Devita Bishundat. “A Critical Review of the Model Minority Myth in Selected Literature on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in Higher Education.” Review of Educational Research 86, no. 2 (2016): 469–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Randle, Keith, Wing-Fai Leung, and Juno Kurian. Creating Difference: Overcoming Barriers to Diversity in UK Film & Television Employment. Hatfield, Herts: University of Hertfordshire, 2007.Google Scholar
- Saxenian, AnnaLee. Silicon Valley’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs. Berkeley, CA: Public Policy Institute of California, 1999.Google Scholar
- Simon, Scott. Sweet and Sour: Life-Worlds of Taipei Women Entrepreneurs. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.Google Scholar
- Sui, Cindy. “Taiwan’s Struggle to Become an Innovation Leader.” BBC, September 18, 2013. http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20130918-taiwans-rocky-road-to-innovation.
- Wong, Siu-lun. “Chinese Entrepreneurs and Business Trust.” In Asian Business Networks, edited by Gary G. Hamilton, 13–26. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1996.Google Scholar
- Wu, Frank H. The Model Minority: Asian American ‘Success’ as a Race Relations Failure. New York: Basic Books, 2002.Google Scholar
- Yeh, Kuang Shih, and Li-Chin Tsao. “A Network Analysis of Ownership Succession of Family Owned Business.” Journal of Management 13, no. 2 (1996): 197–225.Google Scholar