Advertisement

Demand-Side Management for PV Grid Integration

  • Islam Safak BayramEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Over the last two decades, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have evolved from a small-scale niche market application to a major electricity source. Although the share of most annual PV production is less than ten per cent even for the most aggressive adopters, PV systems have started to create operational and planning issues for utility operators. In this chapter, we discuss PV integration issues both at low- and medium-voltage levels. Distributed PV systems at low-voltage networks lead to power quality issues, while large-scale PV farms have impacts on transmission network and generation assets. Then, we present a comprehensive overview of demand-side management (DSM) techniques and examine how DSM can be used to aid PV integration. In the last section, we present two experimental studies: (1) direct-load control of an air conditioner unit and (2) load shifting of a water heater. It is shown that such flexible loads can aid PV integration and increase PV self-sufficiency levels.

References

  1. Alrawi O, Bayram IS, Koc M (2018) High-resolution electricity load profiles of selected houses in Qatar. In: IEEE 12th international conference on compatibility, power electronics and power engineering. Doha (Qatar)Google Scholar
  2. Bayram IS, Koc M, Alrawi O, Al-Naimi H (2017) Direct load control of air conditioners in Qatar: an empirical study. IEEE 6th international conference on renewable energy research and applications (ICRERA). San Diego, CA (United States), pp 1007–1012Google Scholar
  3. CIGRE (2014) Capacity of distribution feeders for hosting distributed energy resourcesGoogle Scholar
  4. Dartawan K, Hui L (2012) Harmonics issues that limit solar photovoltaic generation on distribution circuits. In: SOLAR 2012, world renewable energy forum (WREF 2012). Colorado Convention Center in Denver, 13–17 MayGoogle Scholar
  5. Ding F, Mather B, Gotseff P (2016) Technologies to increase PV hosting capacity in distribution feeders. In: IEEE power and energy society general meetingGoogle Scholar
  6. Karimi M, Mokhlis H, Naidu K et al (2016) Photovoltaic penetration issues and impacts in distribution network—a review. Renew Sustain Energy RevGoogle Scholar
  7. Li X, Borsche T, Andersson G (2015) PV integration in low-voltage feeders with demand response. In: 2015 IEEE Eindhoven Powertech, PowerTech 2015Google Scholar
  8. Teoh WYT, Tan CW (2011) An overview of islanding detection methods in photovoltaic systems. World Acad Sci Eng TechnolGoogle Scholar
  9. The MIT Energy Initiative (2016) Utility of the futureGoogle Scholar
  10. Tsuchida B, Sergici S, Mudge B et al (2015) Comparative generation costs of utility-scale and residential-scale PV in Xcel energy colorado’s service AreaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Qatar Environment and Energy Research InstituteHamad Bin Khalifa UniversityDohaQatar

Personalised recommendations