Measurement on a Sample of Fuel Cell at High Temperature
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) can be designed in either a planar or non-planar configuration. Since modern fuel cell assemblies are constructed from several different materials and operate at relatively high temperatures, 550–750 °C, the experimental characterization of the in-situ response is of interest for model validation. This study employs stereo-vision and stereo-DIC to measure both full-field surface strains and the out-of-plane displacement on the surface of a heterogeneous cell during operation.
To obtain in-situ images of fuel cell materials, several technical issues were successfully addressed to perform stereo-imaging of a fuel cell at elevated temperature. These included (a) modifications of the lens system to develop a far-field microscope arrangement, acquiring images of a small region imaging with a large stand-off; (b) application of a speckle pattern capable of withstanding elevated temperatures; (c) construction of the fuel cell to allow imaging through an open hole of the furnace; (d) development of a camera support system to ensure stability for both calibration and experiment imaging and (e) ensuring continuous air circulation around the furnace and camera-lens system.
Since full field deformation are obtained using the measurement method, viewing the spatial variations in strain that occur during heating is necessary to identify conditions which induce localization in the deformations, including increases in out-of-plane motion in specific regions of the fuel cell at selected temperatures. The strain measurements are also used to determine the average thermal coefficients of expansion. Taken together, the measurements provide baseline data to assist material developers and fuel cell manufacturers.
KeywordsHigh temperature Strain measurement Stereo-DIC Speckle pattern SOFCs
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- 5.Correlated Solutions, Incorporated; 121 Dutchman Boulevard, Irmo, SC 29063 and on the web at www.correlatedsolutions.com