Advertisement

Application of Digital Image Correlation to Structures in Fire

  • Christopher M. Smith
  • Matthew S. Hoehler
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)

Abstract

The behavior of engineering structures in fire is commonly studied through large-scale experiments. Full-field, noncontact measurement techniques such as Digital Image Correlation (DIC) are potentially ideal for such experiments; however, the presence of light emitted by the flames, thermal radiation from the heated structure, and convective thermal gradients in the air make this a challenging application for DIC. A simple method has been developed to enable the use of DIC in large, low-soot, fires using narrow-spectrum blue light and spectrally-matched bandpass optical filters to increase signal-to-noise ratio and filter undesired radiant energy before it reaches the camera. The method is applied to full-scale experiments in which a 6-m long W16 × 26 steel beam is supported over a 700 kW fire from a natural gas diffusion burner. The resulting images are temporally and spatially averaged during post-processing to smooth out false distortions of the images caused by the thermal gradients in and around the flames before DIC techniques are applied to resolve strain.

Keywords

Digital image correlation DIC Fire Narrow-spectrum illumination Blue light 

References

  1. 1.
    McAllister, T., Luecke, W., Iadicola, M., Bundy, M.: Measurement of temperature, displacement, and strain in structural components subject to fire effects: concepts and candidate approaches. (2012). https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.1768
  2. 2.
    Grant, B.M.B., Stone, H.J., Withers, P.J., Preuss, M.: High-temperature strain field measurement using digital image correlation. J. Strain Anal. Eng. Design. 44, 263–271 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1243/03093247JSA478 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pan, B., Wu, D., Wang, Z., Xia, Y.: High-temperature digital image correlation method for full-field deformation measurement at 1200 °C. Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 15701 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/22/1/015701 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Smith C.M., Hoehler M.: Imaging through fire using narrow-spectrum illumination. Fire Technology. Posted online July 23, (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-018-0756-5
  5. 5.
    Ballantyne, A., Bray, K.N.C.: Investigations into the structure of jet diffusion flames using time-resolved optical measuring techniques. Symp. Combust. 16, 777–787 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0082-0784(77)80371-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Buckmaster, J., Peters, N.: The infinite candle and its stability—a paradigm for flickering diffusion flames. Symp. Combust. 21, 1829–1836 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0082-0784(88)80417-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Choe, L., Ramesh, S., Hoehler, M., et al.: National fire research laboratory commissioning project: testing steel beams under localized fire exposure. (2018). https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.1983

Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher M. Smith
    • 1
  • Matthew S. Hoehler
    • 2
  1. 1.Berkshire Hathaway Specialty InsuranceBostonUSA
  2. 2.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

Personalised recommendations