The Outsider Concept and Outsider Leader: A Literature Review

  • Patrick Buckland
  • Malcolm Higgs
  • Chris O’Riordan
  • Felicity Kelliher
  • Patrick C. Flood


Chapter  2 presents a comprehensive review of literature that is directly relevant to understanding the concept of the “outsider,” and, more specifically, the “outsider” business leader. The chapter begins by providing a literature-informed background and rationale to the current book. Next, the idea of “outsiderness” is explored and outsider types are presented. How people react to being outsiders is then considered, before moving on to look directly at the outsider business leader. Outlined are the advantages of bringing in an outsider as a business leader as well as the barriers to success that such individuals face, particularly when compared with insider prospects. In this context, the notion of a hybrid insider/outsider is considered as an option. Prior to the chapter’s conclusion, consideration is given as to how gender can be a factor in outsiderness.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Buckland
  • Malcolm Higgs
    • 1
  • Chris O’Riordan
    • 2
  • Felicity Kelliher
    • 2
  • Patrick C. Flood
    • 3
  1. 1.Hull University Business SchoolUniversity of HullHullUK
  2. 2.School of BusinessWaterford Institute of TechnologyWaterfordIreland
  3. 3.DCU Business SchoolDublin City UniversityDublinIreland

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