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The Role of Catalysis in Promoting Chemical Reactions

  • Elio SantacesariaEmail author
  • Riccardo Tesser
Chapter

Abstract

Some fundamental aspects of the catalytic phenomenon are described in the introductory part of this chapter. Next, some different catalyst classifications are described based on catalytic action (acid–base, redox, metallorganic, and enzymatic) or catalytic environment (homogeneous and heterogeneous). Different aspects of homogeneous catalysis are examined in detail considering acid–base catalysis, catalysis promoted by metal transition complexes, and enzymatic catalysis. Heterogeneous catalysis is then examined describing gas–solid interactions in particular and adsorption isotherms useful for determining gas–solid interface area. Different heterogeneous catalysts are described, such as acid–base solid catalysts based on metal oxides and their mixtures, metal oxide catalysts acting as semiconductors, zeolites, and unsupported and supported metal catalysts. The most commonly employed supports are described together with techniques for their preparation and impregnation. Finally, catalyst-forming procedures are briefly described. Some exercises and associated Matlab code are provided online.

Supplementary material

419170_1_En_3_MOESM1_ESM.doc (56 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 63 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eurochem Engineering s.r.l.MilanItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Complesso di Monte Sant’AngeloUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly

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