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Traditional Plant Breeding in Ocimum

  • R. K. Lal
  • Pankhuri Gupta
  • C. S. Chanotiya
  • Sougata Sarkar
Chapter
Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Ocimum spp. is an important medicinal and aromatic plant. It has many medicinal properties. It is a rich source of carbohydrates, fibers, iron, β-carotene, vitamins, phosphorous, calcium, protein, and in aromatic oils. It is also used for the treatment in stomach pain, cough and cold, diarrhea and indigestion. Asthma, ulcers, nausea, and ringworm can also be cured with Ocimum. It lowers the blood sugar level and increases lactation. CSIR-CIMAP is actively involved in genetic enhancement of the Ocimum species following with different breeding approach in view of traditional importance. At CSIR-CIMAP, available genetic stocks are seven Ocimum species—Ocimum sanctum—Krishna and Shyam tulsi, O. basilicum, O. kilimandscharicum, O. americanum, O. africanum, O. gratissimum, O. tenuiflorum, and 100 genetic stocks of O. basilicum and nine varieties, namely CIM Ayu, CIM Angana, CIM Saumya, CIM Kanchan, Vikarsudha, CIM Jyoti, CIM Sharada, CIM Surabhi, and CIM Snigdha. In future, there will be possibility to develop varieties for high oil and herb yield with high specific needs chemical like high eugenol, methyl eugenol, methyl cinnamate, geraniol, germacrene A and D, linalool, elemicin, ß-elmene, (Z)-ocimine content with some other herbal products.

Keywords

Antioxidant Eugenol Genetic improvement Herbal products Ocimum 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Lal
    • 1
  • Pankhuri Gupta
    • 2
  • C. S. Chanotiya
    • 3
  • Sougata Sarkar
    • 4
  1. 1.Genetics and Plant Breeding DivisionCSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Analytical Chemistry DivisionCSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsLucknowIndia
  4. 4.Genetic Resources and Agro-tech DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammuIndia

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