Genome-Assisted Improvement Strategies for Climate-Resilient Carrots

  • Adam Bolton
  • Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka
  • Emily Martin-Millar
  • Dariusz Grzebelus
  • Philipp W. SimonEmail author


Carrot is typically categorized as a cool-season vegetable crop that is grown globally with largest per capita production in Europe, but with significant increased production in warmer regions of Asia in the last 50 years. As a high-value vegetable with relatively long postharvest storage life, combined with a high nutritional value attributable to its familiar orange carotenoid pigments, continuing adaptation of carrot to diverse climatic conditions is critical. Traits important to past success and future progress in improving climate resilience depend on the broad genetic diversity of carrot. Classical and modern approaches readily lend themselves to carrot improvement, with significant application of genome-assisted breeding tools expected to expand future prospects of success.


Daucus carota Cool-season vegetable Root crop Climate change Abiotic stress tolerance Biofortification 


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Bolton
    • 1
  • Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka
    • 2
  • Emily Martin-Millar
    • 3
  • Dariusz Grzebelus
    • 2
  • Philipp W. Simon
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Plant Breeding and Plant Genetics Program, Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology and HorticultureUniversity of Agriculture in KrakowKrakowPoland
  3. 3.Vegetable Crops Research Unit, Department of Horticulture, USDA – Agricultural Research ServiceUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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