Advertisement

Transgression and the Social Construction of Moral Meanings

  • Cristian Tileagă
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Discursive Psychology book series (PSDP)

Abstract

This chapter looks at everyday meanings of morality in the public sphere in public responses/reactions to alleged transgressive behavior—having collaborated with the Securitate. It explores the uses and functions of lay versions of morality and various interpretive procedures and socio-cultural resources of interpretation that people mobilize. As I showed in the previous chapters, rather than attempt to analyze moral judgments in abstract, one must focus on constructions and uses of morality that talk and text make relevant. In this chapter I want to extend that line of argument to the issue of everyday social responses and social reactions to moral transgression.

References

  1. Adler, P., & Adler, P. (2000). Constructions of Deviance: Social Power, Context, and Interaction. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Adut, A. (2008). On Scandal: Moral Disturbances in Society, Politics and Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Alexander, J. (1988). Culture and Political Crisis: “Watergate” and Durkheimian Sociology. In J. Alexander (Ed.), Durkheimian Sociology: Cultural Studies (pp. 187–224). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Atkinson, J., & Drew, P. (1979). Order in Court: The Organisation of Verbal Interaction in Judicial Settings. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bakhtin, M. (1984). Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Ed. and trans: C. Emerson. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  6. Becker, H. (1973). Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance (2nd ed.). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  7. Ben-Yehuda, N. (1990). The Politics and Morality of Deviance: Moral Panics, Drug Abuse, Deviant Science, and Reversed Stigmatization. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  8. Berard, T. (1998). Attributions and Avowals of Motive in the Study of Deviance: Resource or Topic? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 28, 193–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bergmann, J. R. (1998). Introduction: Morality in Discourse. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 31(3-4), 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blaney, J., & Benoit, W. (2001). The Clinton Scandals and the Politics of Image Restoration. Westport: Praeger.Google Scholar
  11. Bless, H., Igou, E., Schwarz, N., & Wänke, M. (2000). Reducing Context Effects by Adding Context Information: The Direction and Size of Context Effects in Political Judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1036–1045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Blum, A., & McHugh, P. (1971). The Social Ascription of Motives. American Sociological Review, 36, 98–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Breit, E. (2010). On the (re)construction of Corruption in the Media: A Critical Discursive Approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 92, 619–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Brezina, T., & Phipps, H. (2010). False News Reports, Folk Devils, and the Role of Public Officials: Notes on the Social Construction of Law and Order in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Deviant Behavior, 31, 97–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Brooks, P. (2000). Troubling Confessions: Speaking Guilt in Law and Literature. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Charmaz, K. (2002). Stories and Silences: Disclosures and Self in Chronic Illness. Qualitative Inquiry, 8, 302–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cowburn, M. (2010). Invisible men: Social Reactions to Male Sexual Coercion – Bringing Men and Masculinities into Community Safety and Public Policy. Critical Social Policy, 30, 225–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cromby, J., Brown, S. D., Gross, H., Locke, A., & Patterson, A. (2010). Constructing Crime, Enacting Morality: Emotion, Crime and Anti-social Behaviour in an Inner-city Community. British Journal of Criminology, 50, 873–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cromwell, P., & Thurman, Q. (2003). The Devil Made Me Do It: Use of Neutralization by Shoplifters. Deviant Behavior, 24, 535–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Darley, J. (1992). Social Organization for the Production of Evil. Psychological Inquiry, 3, 199–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Douglas, J. (1970). Deviance and Respectability: The Social Construction of Moral Meanings. In J. D. Douglas (Ed.), Deviance and Respectability: The Social Construction of Moral Meanings (pp. 3–30). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  23. Drew, P. (1998). Complaints about Transgressions and Misconduct. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 31(3&4), 295–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Eagly, A., & Chaiken, S. (1976). Why Would Anyone Say That? Causal Attribution of Statements about the Watergate Scandal. Sociometry, 39, 236–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Edwards, D. (2005). Moaning, Whinging and Laughing: The Subjective Side of Complaints. Discourse Studies, 7, 5–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Edwards, D. (2006). Facts, Norms and Dispositions: Practical Uses of the Modal Verb Would in Police Interrogations. Discourse Studies, 8(4), 475–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Eglin, P., & Hester, S. (2003). The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorisation Analysis. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Erikson, K. T. (1962). Notes on the Sociology of Deviance. Social Problems, 9, 307–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Erjavec, K. (2003). Media Construction of Identity Through Moral Panics: Discourses of Immigration in Slovenia. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29, 83–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Esser, F., & Hartung, U. (2004). Nazis, Pollution and No Sex: Political Scandals as a Reflection of Political Culture in Germany. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 1040–1071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fine, G. (2001). Difficult reputations: Collective memories of the evil, inept and controversial. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  32. Fischle, M. (2000). Mass Response to the Lewinsky Scandal: Motivated Reasoning or Bayesian Updating. Political Psychology, 21, 135–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gamson, J. (2001). Normal Sins: Sex Scandal Narratives as Institutional Morality Tales. Social Problems, 48, 185–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gonzales, M., Kovera, M., Sullivan, J., & Chanley, V. (1995). Private Reactions to Public Transgressions: Predictors of Evaluative Responses to Allegations of Political Misconduct. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 136–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Goode, E. (2004). Is the Sociology of Deviance Still Relevant? The American Sociologist, 35, 46–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Goode, E., & Ben-Yehuda, N. (2009). Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance (2nd ed.). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Harré, R. (1999). Trust and Its Surrogates: Psychological Foundations of Political Process. In M. E. Warren (Ed.), Democracy and Trust (pp. 249–272). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hendershott, A. (2002). The Politics of Deviance. San Francisco: Encounter Books.Google Scholar
  39. Hitlin, S. (2008). Moral Selves, Evil Selves. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hunt, A. (1997). “Moral Panic” and Moral Language in the Media. British Journal of Sociology, 48, 629–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Jacobsson, K., & Löfmarck, E. (2008). A Sociology of Scandal and Moral Transgression: The Swedish ‘Nannygate’ Scandal. Acta Sociologica, 51, 203–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jayyusi, L. (1991). Values and Moral Judgement: Communicative Praxis as Moral Order. In G. Button (Ed.), Ethnomethodology and the Human Sciences (pp. 227–251). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Jiménez, F. (2004). The politics of scandal in Spain: Morality plays, social trust, and the battle for public opinion’. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 1099–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Joslyn, M. (2003). Framing the Lewinsky Affair: Third-Person Judgments by Scandal Frame. Political Psychology, 24, 829–844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Kitsuse, J. (1962). Societal Reaction to Deviant Behavior: Problems of Theory and Method. Social Problems, 9, 247–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Lemert, E. (1974). Beyond Mead: The Societal Reaction to Deviance. Social Problems, 21, 457–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Linell, P., & Rommetveit, R. (1998). The Many Forms and Facets of Morality in Dialogue. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 31(3&4), 465–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Locke, A., & Edwards, D. (2003). Bill and Monica: Memory, Emotion and Normativity in Clinton’s Grand Jury Testimony. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 239–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Lynch, M., & Bogen, D. (1996). The Spectacle of History: Speech, Text, and Memory at the Iran-Contra Hearings. Durham/London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Margalit, A. (2002). The Ethics of Memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  51. McHugh, P. (1970). A Common-Sense Conception of Deviance. In J. D. Douglas (Ed.), Deviance and Respectability: The Social Construction of Moral Meanings (pp. 61–88). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  52. McMahon, C. (2000). Discourse and Morality. Ethics, 110, 514–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Miller, B. (1999). Narratives of Guilt and Compliance in Unified Germany: Stasi Informers and their Impact on Society. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  54. Mills, C. W. (1940). Situated Actions and Vocabularies of Motive. American Sociological Review, 5, 904–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Neckel, S. (2005). Political Scandals: An Analytical Framework. Comparative Sociology, 4, 101–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Prus, R., & Grills, S. (2003). The Deviant Mystique: Involvements, Realities and Regulation. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  57. Rapley, M., McCarthy, D., & McHoul, A. (2003). Mentality or Morality? Membership Categorization, Multiple Meanings and Mass Murder. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 427–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Rubington, E., & Weinberg, M. (2001). Deviance: The Interactionist Perspective (8th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  59. Schudson, M. (2004). Notes on Scandal and the Watergate Legacy. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 1231–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Schütz, A. (1967). Collected Papers I: The Problem of Social Reality (Eds. M. A. Natanson & H. L. van Breda). Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  61. Schwarz, N., & Bless, H. (1992). Scandals and the Public’s Trust in Politicians: Assimilation and Contrast Effects. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 574–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Scully, D., & Marolla, J. (1984). Convicted Rapists’ Vocabulary of Motive: Excuses and Justifications. Social Problems, 31, 530–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Sneijder, P., & te Molder, H. (2005). Moral Logic and Logical Morality: Attributions of Responsibility and Blame in Online Discourse on Veganism. Discourse & Society, 16, 675–696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Stokoe, E. (2010). “I’m Not Gonna Hit a Lady”: Conversation Analysis, Membership Categorization and Men’s Denials of Violence Towards Women. Discourse & Society, 21, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Stokoe, E., & Edwards, D. (2008). “Did You Have Permission to Smash Your Neighbour’s Door?” Silly Questions and Their Answers in Police-Suspect Interrogations. Discourse Studies, 10, 89–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sykes, G., & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of Neutralization: A Theory of Delinquency. American Sociological Review, 22, 664–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Taylor, C. (1989). Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Thompson, K. (1998). Moral Panics. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  69. Thompson, J. (2000). Political Scandal: Power and Visibility in the Media Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Tileagă, C. (2007). Ideologies of Moral Exclusion: A Critical Discursive Reframing of Depersonalization, Delegitimization and Dehumanization. British Journal of Social Psychology, 46(4), 717–737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Tumber, H., & Waisbord, S. (2004). Political Scandals and Media Across Democracies (Volume II). American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 1143–1153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Watson, R. (2009). Constitutive Practices and Garfinkel’s Notion of Trust: Revisited. Journal of Classical Sociology, 9, 475–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Williams, B., & Delli Carpini, M. (2000). Unchained Reaction: The Collapse of Media Gatekeeping and the Clinton-Lewinsky Scandal. Journalism: Theory, Practice, and Criticism, 1, 61–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Williams, B., & Delli Carpini, M. (2004). Monica and Bill all the Time and Everywhere: The Collapse of Gatekeeping and Agenda Setting in the New Media Environment. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 1208–1230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian Tileagă
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social SciencesLoughborough UniversityLoughboroughUK

Personalised recommendations