Support for a Global Caliphate as Alternative
This chapter provides evidence on how Muslims understand the Caliphate and what leads them to consider it as an alternative for the current international order. It reviews some of the most influential accounts of the Caliphate from elites across history, with attention paid to its variations. Then, in highlighting descriptive findings from a self-administered survey, the chapter depicts that the Caliphate is connected mostly to notions of welfare and justice. It is also connected to Shariah, which is a fluid concept. Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) survey data in this chapter reveal that support for a global Caliphate correlates with favorability toward Shariah, with anti-Americanism, and with a rejection of Western values. The chapter concludes that the Caliphate is understood in instrumental or utilitarian terms, as a vehicle for the broad social welfare and justice long lacking in much of the Islamic world. Future research should take into account Muslim attitudes regarding the Caliphate.
KeywordsCaliphate Muslim Attitudes Shariah Justice
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