Advertisement

Support for a Global Caliphate as Alternative

  • Mujtaba Ali Isani
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides evidence on how Muslims understand the Caliphate and what leads them to consider it as an alternative for the current international order. It reviews some of the most influential accounts of the Caliphate from elites across history, with attention paid to its variations. Then, in highlighting descriptive findings from a self-administered survey, the chapter depicts that the Caliphate is connected mostly to notions of welfare and justice. It is also connected to Shariah, which is a fluid concept. Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) survey data in this chapter reveal that support for a global Caliphate correlates with favorability toward Shariah, with anti-Americanism, and with a rejection of Western values. The chapter concludes that the Caliphate is understood in instrumental or utilitarian terms, as a vehicle for the broad social welfare and justice long lacking in much of the Islamic world. Future research should take into account Muslim attitudes regarding the Caliphate.

Keywords

Caliphate Muslim Attitudes Shariah Justice 

References

  1. Abou El-Fadl, K. (2013). The shariah. In J. L. Esposito & E. El-Din Shahin (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Islam and politics (pp. 7–26). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Al-Bukhari, M. (1997). Sahih al-Bukhari: The translation of the meanings (M. Khan, Trans.). London: Darussalam. Google Scholar
  3. Al-Mawardi, A. (1960). Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah [The principles of governance]. Cairo: Al-Halabi Press. Google Scholar
  4. Bergeson, A. J. (Ed.). (2008). The Sayyid Qutb reader: Selected writings on politics, religion, and society. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Binder, L. (1995). Al-Ghazzali’s theory of Islamic government. The Muslim World, 45(3), 229–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blaydes, L., & Linzer, D. (2012). Elite competition, religiosity, and anti-Americanism in the Islamic world. American Political Science Review, 106(2), 225–243.Google Scholar
  7. Bottici, C., & Challand, B. (2006). Rethinking political myth the clash of civilizations as a self-fulfilling prophecy. European Journal of Social Theory, 9(3), 315–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Broucek, J. (2012). The controversy of Shaykh ‘ali ‘abd Al-Raziq. Ph.D. dissertation. Florida State University. http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/islandora/object/fsu:183227/datastream/PDF/view. Accessed 27 Feb 2016.
  9. Crone, P., & Hinds, M. (1986). God’s Caliph: Religious authority in the first centuries of Islam. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Ecker-Ehrhardt, M. (2012). Cosmopolitan politicization? Relating public perceptions of interdependence and expectations in internationalized governance. European Journal of International Relations, 18(3), 481–508.Google Scholar
  11. Eichenberg, R. C. (2016). Gender difference in American public opinion on the use of military force, 1982–2013. International Studies Quarterly, 60(1), 138–148.Google Scholar
  12. Fair, C. C., Littman, R., & Nugent, E. (2014). Conceptions of shariah and support for militancy and democratic values: A new empirical approach (Working Paer). http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2482547. Accessed 27 June 2015.
  13. Gibb, H. A. R. (1962). Studies on the civilization of Islam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hassan, M. (2017). Longing for the lost Caliphate: A transregional history. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Huntington, S. P. (1991). The third wave: Democratization in the late twentieth century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
  16. Isani, M., & Silverman, D. (2016). Foreign policy attitudes toward Islamic actors: An experimental approach. Political Research Quarterly, 69(3), 571–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jamal, A., & Tessler, M. (2008). Attitudes in the Arab world. Journal of Democracy, 19(1), 97–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khomeini, I. A. 1970 [2002]. Islamic government: Governance of the jurist (H. Algar, Trans.). Tehran: The Institute for the Compilation and Publication of Imam Khomeini’s Works.Google Scholar
  19. Khomeini, I. A. 1981. Islam and revolution: Writings and declarations of Imam Khomeini (H. Algar, Trans.). Berkeley, CA: Mizan Press.Google Scholar
  20. Kurzman, C., & Naqvi, I. (2010). Do Muslims vote Islamic? Journal of Democracy, 21(2), 50–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mawdudi, A. A. (1967). Islamic way of life (K. Ahmad, Trans.). Delhi: Markazi Maktaba Islami.Google Scholar
  22. Mawdudi, A. A. 1976. Political theory of Islam. In K. Ahmad (Ed.), Islam: Its meaning and message (pp. 147–172). London, UK: Islamic Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  23. Nasr, V. R. (1996). Mawdudi and the making of Islamic revivalism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Program in International Policy Attitudes (PIPA). (2008). World public opinion data (WPOP) Muslim UN questionnaire. https://drum.lib.umd.edu/handle/1903/10663?show=full. Accessed 1 Dec 2015.
  25. Qutb, S. (1989). Ma’alim fi al-tariq [Milestones]. Cairo: Dar al-Shuruq.Google Scholar
  26. Qutb, S. (1995). Al-’adala al-ijtima’iyya fi al-Islam [Social justice in Islam]. Cairo: Dar al-Shuruq.Google Scholar
  27. Qutb, S. (1996). Sayyid Qutb and Islamic activism: A translation and critical analysis of social justice in Islam (W. E. Shepard, Trans.). Leiden: E.J. Brill. Google Scholar
  28. Rasheed, M., Kersten, C., & Shterin, M. (Eds.). (2012). Demystifying the Caliphate: Historical memory and contemporary contexts. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Raziq, A. A. (1925). Al-Islam wa usul al-Hukm: baht fi al-Khilafa wa al-Hukuma fi al-Islam [Islam and the foundations of governance: An inquiry into the Caliphate and government in Islam]. Cairo: Matba’at Misr.Google Scholar
  30. Reetz, D. (2009). Migrants, mujahidin, madrassa students: The diversity of transnational Islam in Pakistan. The National Bureau of Asian Research. https://zmo.gwz-berlin.de/muslime_in_europa/downloads/Trans_PR_Apr09.pdf. Accessed 25 Mar 2016.
  31. Roy, O. (2004). Globalized Islam: The search for a new ummah. London: Hurst.Google Scholar
  32. Singh, D. E. (2007). Integrative political ideology of Mawlana Mawdudi and Islamisation of the Muslim masses in the Indian subcontinent. South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 23(1), 129–148.Google Scholar
  33. Williams, R. (2010). Fitting heterogeneous choice models with oglm. Stata Journal, 10(4), 540–567.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mujtaba Ali Isani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of MuensterMuensterGermany

Personalised recommendations