Literature Review, Theory, and Methods

  • Mujtaba Ali Isani


This chapter provides the literature review and theory that underpin the book. The literature review focuses on the social legitimacy of international and regional organizations, with a special emphasis on the well-developed literature of public opinion toward the EU. Four main clusters of explanation emerge from the literature regarding public opinion formation, namely values, utilitarian explanations, domestic cues, and hegemonic perceptions. The chapter also contrasts this literature with findings on public opinion toward the Caliphate. Finally, it outlines the datasets and methods used in the book. Having fielded surveys in problematic contexts such as Pakistan and Egypt, this book provides new data that set it apart from works relying only on secondary sources. In addition, as this project has entailed several field research trips to collect qualitative data, the insights from these qualitative studies can contextualize and enhance the understanding of the quantitative, large-n data herein.


Social legitimacy Caliphate International organization Survey Fieldwork 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mujtaba Ali Isani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of MuensterMuensterGermany

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