Advertisement

Sites Without Memory and Memory Without Sites: On the Failure of the Public History of the Spanish Civil War

  • Antonio Cazorla-Sánchez
  • Adrian Shubert
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Cultural Heritage and Conflict book series (PSCHC)

Abstract

This chapter explores the shortcomings of public history in Spain regarding the Spanish Civil War and the Franco dictatorship. Despite efforts and accomplishments, largely driven by civil society, Spain continues to have too many sites without memory of its recent violent past. Second, there are also too many memories which have no place in which to be firmly grounded and usefully transmitted to society. The current situation is one of islands of Public History which hardly collaborate with each other and which have been unable to capture the imagination of Spanish society. It argues that, in the absence of more robust action from the central government, Digital Public History, and specifically a Virtual Museum of the Spanish Civil War, is the most promising approach.

Bibliography

  1. Aguilar Fernández, Paloma. Memoria y olvido de la Guerra Civil española. Madrid: Alianza, 1996.Google Scholar
  2. ———. Memory and Amnesia: The Role of the Spanish Civil War in the Transition to Democracy, trans. Mark Oakley. New York: Berghan, 2002.Google Scholar
  3. Aguilar, Paloma, and Carsten Humlebæk. “Collective Memory and National Identity in the Spanish Democracy: The Legacies of Francoism and the Civil War.” History and Memory 14 (2002): 121–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aguilar, Paloma, and Clara Ramírez-Barat. “Reparations without Truth or Justice in the Spanish Case.” In Transitional Justice after War and Dictatorship. Learning from European. Experiences (1945–2013), ed. Nico Wouters, 199–252. Antwerp-Oxford: Intersentia, 2014.Google Scholar
  5. Aguilar, Paloma, and Francisco Ferrándiz. “Memoria, Media and Spectacle: Interviú’s Portrayal of Civil War Exhumations in the Early Years of Spanish Democracy.” Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies 17, no. 1 (2016): 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bracher, Nathan. “Remembering the French Resistance: Ethics and Poetics of the Epic.” History & Memory 19, no. 1 (2007): 39–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cazorla-Sánchez, Antonio. “Revisiting the Legacy of the Spanish Civil War.” International Journal of Iberian Studies 21, no. 3 (2008): 231–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. ———. “Las Historias que no escribimos. Una reflexión.” In El Franquismo desde los márgenes, ed. Oscar Rodríguez Barreira, 45–56. Lleida: Universitat de Lleida and Universidad de Almería, 2013.Google Scholar
  9. ———. “From Anti-Fascism to Humanism: The Spanish Civil War as a Crisis of Memory.” In Memory and Cultural History of the Spanish Civil War: Realm of Oblivion, ed. Aurora G. Morcillo, 21–50. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014.Google Scholar
  10. Cenarro, Ángela. “Memory beyond the Public Sphere. The Francoist Repression Remembered in Aragon.” History and Memory 14 (2002): 166–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas. Estudio 2760 (Abril 2008): Memoria de la Guerra Civil y el franquismo. Madrid: CIS, 2008.Google Scholar
  12. Dresser, Madge. “Politics, Populism, and Professionalism: Reflections on the Role of the Academic Historian in the Production of Public History.” The Public Historian 32, no. 3 (2010): 39–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Faber, Sebastiaan. “Entre el respeto y la crítica. Reflexiones sobre la memoria histórica en España.” Migraciones y Exilios 5 (2004): 37–50.Google Scholar
  14. Ferrándiz, Francisco. “The Return of Civil War Ghosts: The Ethnography of Exhumations in Contemporary Spain.” Anthropology Today (June 2006): 7–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. ———. “Exhumaciones y políticas de la memoria en la España contemporánea.” Hispania Nova (2007), http://hispanianova.rediris.es/7/dossier/07d003.pdf.
  16. ———. El pasado bajo tierra. Exhumaciones contemporáneas de la guerra civil. Madrid: Anthropos, 2014.Google Scholar
  17. Ferrándiz, Francisco, and Antonius C.G.M. Robben, eds. Necropolitics. Mass Graves and Exhumations in the Age of Human Rights. Phildelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  18. Gedi, Noa, and Yigal Elam. “Collective Memory—What Is It?” History and Memory 8, no. 1 (1996): 30–50.Google Scholar
  19. González, José M. “Spanish Literature and the Recovery of Historical Memory.” European Review 17, no. 1 (2009): 177–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. González-Ruibal, Alfredo. Volver a las trincheras. Una arqueología de la Guerra Civil española. Madrid: Alianza, 2016.Google Scholar
  21. Jerez-Farran, Carlos, and Samuel Amago, eds. Unearthing Franco’s Legacy. Mass Graves and the Recovery of Historical Memory in Spain. Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
  22. Juliá, Santos. Víctimas de la guerra civil. Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 1999.Google Scholar
  23. ———. Memoria de la guerra y del franquismo. Madrid: Taurus, 2006.Google Scholar
  24. Labanyi, Jo. “The Politics of Memory in Contemporary Spain.” Special issue, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies 9, no. 2 (2008): 157–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. ———. “The Languages of Silence: Historical Memory, Generational Transmission and Witnessing in Contemporary Spain.” Journal of Romance Studies 3 (2009): 23–35.Google Scholar
  26. Lagrou, Peter. “Victims of Genocide and National Memory: Belgium, France and the Netherlands, 1945–1965.” Past and Present 154 (1997): 181–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lindsay, Anne. “Virtual Tourist: Embracing Our Audience through Public History Web Experience.” The Public Historian 35, no. 1 (February 2013): 67–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mosse, George. Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  29. Pérez de Urbel, Fray Justo. El Monumento de Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Madrileños, 1959.Google Scholar
  30. Reig Tapia, Albert. Memoria de la Guerra Civil. Los mitos de la tribu. Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1999.Google Scholar
  31. Richards, Michael. “From War Culture to Civil Society: Francoism, Social Change and Memories of the Spanish Civil War.” History and Memory 14 (2002): 93–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rousso, Henri. The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
  33. Stevens, Mary. “Public Policy and the Public Historian: The Changing Place of Historians in Public Life in France and the UK.” The Public Historian 32, no. 3 (2010): 120–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Suleiman, Susan. Crisis of Memory and the Second World War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  35. Vinyes, Ricard, ed. El Estado y la memoria: Gobiernos y ciudadanos frente a los traumas de la historia. Barcelona: RBA Libros, 2009.Google Scholar
  36. Winter, Jay, and Emmanuel Sivan. War and Remembrance in the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  37. Young, James E. At Memory Edge: After-Images of the Holocaust in Contemporary Art and Architecture. New Heaven and London: Yale University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  38. ———. “Germany’s Holocaust Memorial Problem—And Mine.” The Public Historian 24, no. 4 (2002): 65–80.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Cazorla-Sánchez
    • 1
  • Adrian Shubert
    • 2
  1. 1.Trent UniversityPeterboroughCanada
  2. 2.York UniversityTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations