Human Security in Singapore: Where Entitlement Feeds Insecurity

  • Belinda ChngEmail author
  • Sofiah Jamil
Part of the Security, Development and Human Rights in East Asia book series (SDHRP)


This chapter describes the paradoxical development of human security in Singapore. Despite achieving a high level of human security nationwide, the heavy top-down approach has not sufficiently empowered the Singaporean people. The authors enumerate the insecurities faced in Singapore, such as growing social inequality, increased risks for local enterprises, minority issues, and the unintended consequences of a highly active online community through social media. Given Singapore’s small size and its proximity to other states, the city state is aware of its vulnerability and hence needs to take steps to mitigate transnational risks, such as human trafficking, migrant worker issues, trans-border pollution, pandemics, and natural disasters, which could have a spill-over effect into Singapore. This chapter shows that the human security approach can be appropriate in developed as well as developing nations.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asia CenterMilken InstituteSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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