What Is at Stake in Localizing Human Security Norms in the ASEAN+3?: A Comparative Analysis of 11 Qualitative Regional Review Surveys

  • Oscar A. GómezEmail author
Part of the Security, Development and Human Rights in East Asia book series (SDHRP)


This chapter provides a comparative analysis of the 11 case studies in the book. Overall, the most conspicuous finding is a peculiar interaction between the people and the state, in which generalized paternalism and expectations that the state will take care of the needs of the people are often embraced. While this could be viewed as a feature of Eastern political culture, as several authors suggest, the chapter proposes different explanations that can be extracted from the survey. From the perspective of the study of human security theory and practice, it is somewhat surprising to find scarce and conflicting elaborations of empowerment and its relationship with protection; that being said, overall it is comforting to find support for pragmatism over conceptual distinctions.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research InstituteJapan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)TokyoJapan

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