Fifty Years of Popularity of Theresa Lee Wai-chun and Her Comic, 13-Dot Cartoon: Changing Identities of Women in Hong Kong

  • Wendy Siuyi Wong
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Comics and Graphic Novels book series (PSCGN)


This chapter surveys the most important girls’ comics in Hong Kong comics history, Theresa Lee Wai-chun’s Sapsaam Dim (in Cantonese Chinese), or 13-Dot Cartoon, which debuted in 1966. As a comic icon and a legendary figure, Lee and her character, Sapsaam Dim, have been the darlings of the Hong Kong mass media. By examining their appearances in print media throughout a fifty-year timespan (1966–2016), I decode the messages of changing women’s identities in Hong Kong. Through my analysis of print media materials, this survey uncovers a process of negotiating women’s identities, particularly breaking away from the stereotypical image of a homemaker, within a patriarchal society.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy Siuyi Wong
    • 1
  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada

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