Mathematical Performance among the Poor: Comparative Performance across Developing Countries
This chapter provides a perspective on the interplay between low education and poverty among different education systems by comparing data from 7 sub-Saharan countries and 14 Latin-American countries. A new method for comparing socio-economic status across different educational evaluations is used to compare the mathematics performance of children in equally impoverished circumstances across developing countries. More specifically this measure is applied to the SACMEQ (sub-Saharan Africa) and SERCE (Latin America) education datasets to compare the educational outcomes of students living under the $3.10-a-day poverty line. Most strikingly, the comparison shows that Ugandan and Mozambican children living under the $3.10-a-day poverty line achieve much higher educational outcomes than similarly poor children in middle-income countries such as South Africa and the Dominican Republic.
JEL ClassificationD63 I24 I32
KeywordsIncome distribution Asset index Inequality in Education Social gradients
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