Conclusion: Two Centuries of Catching-up to the West

  • Piotr Koryś


The main topic of this chapter is the history of catching-up to the West by Poland since partition until EU accession (measured by level of economic development). The author summarizes short- and long-term economic and social consequences of partitions/fragmentation/discontinuity in the nineteenth century as well as dislocations of the Polish state in the twentieth century.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piotr Koryś
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WarsawWarsawPoland

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