Leaving Care Work: Career Prospects in a Secondary Labor Market

  • Miloslav Bahna
  • Martina Sekulová


This chapter analyzes the career paths of care workers after leaving care work. The live-in 24-hour personal home care work represents a typical example of a secondary labor market—a low-prestige job with limited career prospects. We find that retirement was the exit strategy for less than a third of the 24-hour personal home care workers. More than half of the care workers found employment after their return to Slovakia. However, well in line with the dual labor market theory, long exposure to care work in Austria is not helpful for career prospects back home. Carers spending five and more years in Austria have a higher risk of working in a less prestigious job than the one they used to have before they left.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miloslav Bahna
    • 1
  • Martina Sekulová
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for SociologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherBratislavaSlovakia

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