Care Workers as Economic Migrants

  • Miloslav Bahna
  • Martina Sekulová


This chapter departs from the assertion that research on migrant care workers notably sidesteps a more systematic analysis of the importance of economic considerations, typically important in labor migration study. From this perspective, the notion of migration of care workers to Austria as a result of Austrian cash-for-care payments (Pflegegeld), legalization, and immigration policies is challenged. We demonstrate that the 2009 crisis-related unemployment increase is a better explanation for the observed growth in the number of carers from Slovakia than the Austrian legalization policies that occurred at the same time. Moreover, it will be demonstrated that the regional unemployment situation in Slovakia is also a good predictor of the income of carers in Austria. This underscores the importance of the economic rationales.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miloslav Bahna
    • 1
  • Martina Sekulová
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for SociologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherBratislavaSlovakia

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