Slovak Care Workers in Austria: An Overview

  • Miloslav Bahna
  • Martina Sekulová


This chapter introduces the case of circular migration of care workers from Slovakia to Austria. It provides a historical overview of the welfare and migration policy settings that have shaped this migration flow since the opening of borders between Austria and its post-communist neighbors—the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Slovenia in 1989. Chronically high unemployment is identified as an explanation for the dominant position of Slovak care workers. The reliability of data on care workers from Austrian sources and from the Slovak Labor Force Survey is discussed. Quantitative research data comprising two studies conducted in 2011 and 2016 on a sample of active and inactive (in 2016) female carers from Slovakia are presented together with two periods of qualitative fieldwork in 2011 and 2017.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miloslav Bahna
    • 1
  • Martina Sekulová
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for SociologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherBratislavaSlovakia

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