Outcomes and Quality of Life from Frontal Sinus Surgery

  • Jessica E. Southwood
  • Todd A. Loehrl
  • David M. Poetker


The goal of surgical treatment of frontal sinusitis is to improve the quality of life of patients. The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the evidence for the outcomes and quality of life related to surgical intervention of the frontal sinus. Studies report very high patency rates for Draf IIA procedures, and Draf III procedures have high rates of subjective improvement and neo-ostium patency in patients with recalcitrant disease. Balloon catheter dilation has shown favorable safety and effectiveness, while frontal sinus stenting serves as an adjunct to help decrease the risk of stenosis. As with all techniques and indications for surgical intervention, patient selection remains a key factor in outcomes.


Frontal sinus Draf 1 Draf 2 Draf 3 Balloon dilation Frontal sinus stent 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica E. Southwood
    • 1
  • Todd A. Loehrl
    • 1
    • 2
  • David M. Poetker
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Division of SurgeryZablocki VA Medical CenterMilwaukeeUSA

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