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Cardiovascular

  • Cassandra Wasson
  • Albert Kelly
  • David Ninan
  • Quy Tran
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter outlines the effects pregnancy has on the cardiovascular system. It addresses the changes seen on EKGs and echocardiograms during pregnancy. It also discusses the changes in cardiovascular physiology, including cardiac murmurs, cardiac output, and mean arterial pressure.

Keywords

EKG changes Echocardiography changes Hemodynamics during pregnancy Heart sounds Murmurs Mean arterial pressure Cardiac output 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cassandra Wasson
    • 1
  • Albert Kelly
    • 1
  • David Ninan
    • 2
  • Quy Tran
    • 3
  1. 1.Riverside University Health System - Medical CenterMoreno ValleyUSA
  2. 2.Riverside University Health System - Medical CenterLoma LindaUSA
  3. 3.Harbor–UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA

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