Abrasive Jet Machining: Drilling of Porcelain Tiles and Soda Lime Glass

  • Tina Ghara
  • G. Desta
  • Santanu Das
  • Barun HaldarEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


The micro-abrasive particles bomberding is becoming one of the most effective material removal techniques in many engineering applications like brittle material machining, surface preparation of metals for welding, cladding, and thermally sprayed coatings, performance testing of turbine and propeller blades against erosion, surface hardening of machine elements by shot-peening, micro-machining, micro-channels polishing, etching, etc. Various types of operations using abrasive jet are gaining interest day-by-day in research and manufacturing fields. In the present investigation, an indigenous abrasive jet system has been designed and developed. The abrasive jet drilling operations are performed on the soda lime glass workpieces and porcelain tiles by using the developed abrasive jet system to investigate the performance. The variation in the drilled hole diameters with changing of pressure and stand off distance is investigated. The effects of input parameters on taper angle and out of roundness of the holes are also explored.


Abrasive jet drilling Difficult to machine materials Brittle material Machining 


  1. 1.
    Mohammad Jafar, R.H., Spelt, J.K., Papini, M.: Surface roughness and erosion rate of abrasive jet micro-machined channels: experiments and analytical model. Wear 303, 138–145 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mishra, P.K.: Nonconventional Machining, pp. 12–13. The Institution of Engineers (India) Textbook Series, Kolkata (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haldar, B., Adak, D.K., Ghosh, D., Karmakar, A., Habtamu, E., Ahmed, M., Das, S.: Present status and some critical issues of abrasive jet materials processing: a review. Proc. Manuf. 20, 523–529 (2018)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fan, J.M., Wang, C.Y., Wang, J.: Modeling the erosion rate in micro abrasive air jet machining of glasses. Wear 266(9–10), 968–974 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sheldon, G.L., Finnie, I.: The mechanism of material removal in the erosive cutting of brittle materials. ASME J. Eng. Ind. 88B, 393–399 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chastagner, M.W., Shih, A.J., Arbor, A.: Abrasive jet machining for edge generation. Trans. NAMRI/SME 35, 359–366 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Raju, F.A.: Fibre glass cutting by using abrasive jet machining and analysis of process parameters. Int. J. Comput. Trends Technol. 4, 2274–2278 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Srikanth, D.V., Rao, M.S.: Response surface methodology for optimization of process parameters in abrasive jet drilling of composites. J. Mech. Civil Eng. 11, 20–26 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Park, D., Cho, M., Lee, H., Cho, W.: Micro-grooving of glass using micro-abrasive jet machining. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 146, 234–240 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oancea, A., Gherman, L., Braha, V.: Modified nozzle for abrasive jet engraving, Nonconv. Technol. Rev., 16–21 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gradeen, A.G., Spelt, J.K., Papin, M.: Cryogenic abrasive jet machining of polydimethylsiloxane at different temperatures. Wear, 335–344 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gillespie, L.K.: Deburring and edge finishing handbook. Society of Manufacturing Engineers, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Haldar, B., Ghara, T., Ansari, R., Das, S., Saha, P.: Abrasive jet system and its various applications in abrasive jet machining, erosion testing, shot-peening and fast cleaning. Mater. Today: Proc. 5, 13061–13068 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li, H.Z., Wang, J.Ã., Fan, J.M.: Analysis and modelling of particle velocities in micro-abrasive air jet. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf 49, 850–858 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Getu, H., Spelt, J.K., Papini, M.: Conditions leading to the embedding of angular and spherical particles during the solid particle erosion of polymers. Wear, 292–293 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Malkin, T.W.H.S.: Grinding mechanisms for ceramics. CIRP Ann. 45, 569–580 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Balasubramaniam, R., Krishnan, J., Ramakrishnan, N.: A study on the shape of the surface generated by abrasive jet machining. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 121, 102–106 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Srikanth, D.V., Sreenivasa Rao, M.: Metal removal and kerf analysis in abrasive jet drilling of glass sheets. Proc. Mater. Sci. 6, 1303–1311 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Verma, A.P., Lal, G.K.: An experimental study of abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Mach. Tool Des. Res. 2, 19–29 (1983)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Finnie, I.: Some reflection on the past and future of erosion. Wear 186–187, 1–10 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Abhishek, K., Hiremath, S.S.: machining of micro-holes on sodalime glass using developed micro-abrasive jet machine (µ-AJM). Proc. Technol. 25, 1234–1241 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Suresh, R., Sohit, R.K., Shapur, K.: Abrasive jet machining for micro-hole drilling on glass and GFRP composites. Mater. Today Proc. 5, 5757–5761 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jagannatha, N., Hiremath, S.S., Sadashivappa, K.: Analysis and parametric optimization of abrasive hot air jet machining for glass using Taguchi method and utility concept. Int. J. Mech. Mater. Eng. 7(1), 9–15 (2012)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jagannatha, N., Somashekhar, S.H., Sadashivappa, K., Arun, K.V.: Machining of soda lime glass using abrasive hot air jet: an experimental study. Mach. Sci. Technol. 16, 459–472 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    El-Domiaty, A., Abd El-Hafez, H.M., Shaker, M.A.: Drilling of glass sheets by abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Mech. Aerosp. Ind. Mechatron. Manuf. Eng. 3(8), 872–878 (2009)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kandpal, B.C., Kumar, N., Kumar, R., Sharma, R., Deswal, S.: Machining of glass and ceramic with alumina and silicon carbide in abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Adv. Eng. Technol. II(IV), 251–256 (2011)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rao, M.S., Srikanth, D.V.: Optimization of process parameters of abrasive jet machining on epoxy glass fibre composite. Int. J. Sci. Res. Educ. 3(9), 4577–4587 (2015)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pawar, N.S., Lakhe, R.R., Shrivastava, R.L.: A comparative experimental analysis of sea sand as an abrasive material using silicon carbide and mild steel nozzle in vibrating chamber of abrasive jet machining process. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 3(10), 1–4 (2013)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Verma, A.P., Lal, G.K.: An experimental study of abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Mach. Tool Des. Res. 24(1), 19–29 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Srikanth, D.V., Rao, M.S.: Metal removal and Kerf analysis in abrasive jet drilling of glass sheets. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterization, Procedia Materials Science, vol. 6, pp. 1303–1311 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ray, P.K., Paul, A.K.: Some studies on abrasive jet machining. J. Inst. Eng. (India) 68(Part PE 2), 27–30 (1987)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Shriyan, G., Shinde, R., Ronge, H.: Study of effect of process parameters on the performance of abrasive jet machining. J. Eng. Res. Gen. Sci. 3(3), 861–867 (2015)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ghobeity, A., Getu, H., Krajac, T., Spelt, J.K., Papini, M.: Process repeatability in abrasive jet micro-machining. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 190(1–3), 51–60 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mahajan, G.: A study of effect of various process parameters on abrasive jet machining using silicon carbide as abrasive material. Int. J. Eng. Dev. Res. 3(1), 25–31 (2014)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Srikanth, D.V., Rao, M.S.: Machining of FRP composites by abrasive jet machining optimization using Taguchi. Int. J. Mech. Aerosp. Ind. Mechatron. Manuf. Eng. 8(3), 632–636 (2014)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Reddy, S.M., Hussain, S., Srikanth, D.V., Rao, M.S.: Experimental analysis and optimization of process parameters in machining of RCFRP by AJM. Int. J. Innovative Res. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4(8), 7085–7092 (2015)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sharma, P.K., Deol, G.S.: A comparative analysis of process parameters during machining of glass fibre reinforced plastic by abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Adv. Found. Res. Sci. Eng. 1(3), 28–37 (2014)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gavaskar, T., Devabalan, C., Revanth, M.A., Sakthiseelan, G., Rajivranjan, V., Kumar, A.K., Vishwanathan, H.: Analysing the factors affecting surface roughness in abrasive jet machining. Int. J. Innovative Res. Adv. Stud. 3(3), 1–4 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tina Ghara
    • 1
  • G. Desta
    • 2
  • Santanu Das
    • 1
  • Barun Haldar
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKalyani Government Engineering CollegeKalyaniIndia
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringJIT, Jimma UniversityJimmaEthiopia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGlobal Institute of Management & TechnologyKrishnagarIndia

Personalised recommendations