Advertisement

Investigation and Optimization of Tribological Behavior of Electroless Ni–B Coating at Elevated Temperatures

  • Arkadeb MukhopadhyayEmail author
  • Tapan Kumar Barman
  • Prasanta Sahoo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)

Abstract

Friction and wear characteristics of heat-treated (350 °C for 1 h) electroless Ni–B coating at different operating temperatures are investigated systematically in the present work. Load and sliding speed are also considered as the design variables. Mass loss and coefficient of friction are considered as the responses. The design variables are varied at three equally spaced levels. Taguchi’s L27 orthogonal array is used to carry out tribological tests on a pin-on-disk tribotester. Grey relational analysis is used to predict the optimal parametric setting to minimize mass loss and coefficient of friction. The optimal condition predicted by grey relational analysis is 500 °C operating temperature, 10 N load, and 60 rpm speed. Prior to tribological tests, coating characteristics are determined using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscope, and X-ray diffraction techniques. A globular surface morphology is exhibited by the as-deposited coatings. On heat treatment, the surface of the coating resembles a cauliflower. Coating microhardness is determined by Vicker’s microindentation technique. Heat treatment leads to a significant improvement in microhardness in comparison with as-deposited coatings due to precipitation of crystalline and hard boride phases of nickel.

Keywords

Electroless Ni–B Wear COF High temperature Grey relational analysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Anik, M., Körpe, E., Şen, E.: Effect of coating bath composition on the properties of electroless nickel–boron films. Surf. Coat. Technol. 202, 1718–1727 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sudagar, J., Lian, J., Sha, W.: Electroless nickel, alloy, composite and nano coatings–A critical review. J. Alloy. Compd. 571, 183–204 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sahoo, P., Das, S.K.: Tribology of electroless nickel coatings–a review. Mater. Des. 32(4), 1760–1775 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Riddle, Y.W., Bailerare, T.O.: Friction and wear reduction via an Ni-B electroless bath coating for metal alloys. JOM 57(4), 40–45 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Correa, E., Zuleta, A.A., Guerra, L., Gómez, M.A., Castaño, J.G., Echeverría, F., Liu, H., Skeldon, P., Thompson, G.E.: Tribological behavior of electroless Ni–B coatings on magnesium and AZ91D alloy. Wear 305(1–2), 115–123 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang, W.X., Jiang, Z.H., Li, G.Y., Jiang, Q., Lian, J.S.: Electroless Ni-P/Ni-B duplex coatings for improving the hardness and the corrosion resistance of AZ91D magnesium alloy. Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(16), 4949–4955 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bülbül, F., Altun, H., Ezirmik, V., Küçük, Ö.: Investigation of structural, tribological and corrosion properties of electroless Ni–B coating deposited on 316L stainless steel. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J 227(6), 629–639 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Çelik, İ., Karakan, M., Bülbül, F.: Investigation of structural and tribological properties of electroless Ni–B coated pure titanium. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J 230(1), 57–63 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Das, S.K., Sahoo, P.: Tribological characteristics of electroless Ni–B coating and optimization of coating parameters using Taguchi based grey relational analysis. Mater. Des. 32(4), 2228–2238 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Das, S. K., Sahoo, P.: Influence of process parameters on microhardness of electroless Ni-B coatings. Adv. Mech. Eng. 4, 703168 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Krishnaveni, K., Sankara Narayanan, T.S.N., Seshadri, S.K.: Electroless Ni–B coatings: preparation and evaluation of hardness and wear resistance. Surf. Coat. Technol. 190(1), 115–121 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Effects of heat treatment on tribological behavior of electroless Ni–B coating at elevated temperatures. Surf. Rev. Lett. 24(Supp01), 1850014 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Oraon, B., Majumdar, G., Ghosh, B.: Improving hardness of electroless Ni–B coatings using optimized deposition conditions and annealing. Mater. Des. 29(7), 1412–1418 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dervos, C.T., Novakovic, J., Vassiliou, P.: Vacuum heat treatment of electroless Ni–B coatings. Mater. Lett. 58(5), 619–623 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Madah, F., Dehghanian, C., Amadeh, A.A.: Investigations on the wear mechanisms of electroless Ni–B coating during dry sliding and endurance life of the worn surfaces. Surf. Coat. Technol. 282, 6–15 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Balaraju, J.N., Priyadarshi, A., Kumar, V., Manikandanath, N.T., Kumar, P.P., Ravisankar, B.: Hardness and wear behaviour of electroless Ni–B coatings. Mater. Sci. Technol. 32(16), 1654–1665 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Niksefat, V., Ghorbani, M.: Mechanical and electrochemical properties of ultrasonic-assisted electroless deposition of Ni–B–TiO2 composite coatings. J. Alloy. Compd. 633, 127–136 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ghaderi, M., Rezagholizadeh, M., Heidary, A., Monirvaghefi, S.M.: The effect of Al2O3 nanoparticles on tribological and corrosion behavior of electroless Ni–B–Al2O3 composite coating. Prot. Met. Phys. Chem. Surf. 52(5), 854–858 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Krishnaveni, K., Sankara Narayanan, T.S.N., Seshadri, S.K.: Electroless Ni-B-Si3N4 composite coating: deposition and evaluation of its characteristic properties. Synth. React. Inorg., Met.-Org., Nano-Met. Chem. 42(7), 920–927 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rezagholizadeh, M., Ghaderi, M., Heidary, A., Monirvaghefi, S.M.: The effect of B4C nanoparticles on the corrosion and tribological behavior of electroless Ni-B-B4C composite coatings. Surf. Eng. Appl. Electrochem. 51(1), 18–24 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Aydeniz, A.I., Göksenli, A., Dil, G., Muhaffel, F., Calli, C., Yüksel, B.: Electroless Ni-B-W coatings for improving hardness, wear and corrosion resistance. Materiali in Tehnologije 47(6), 803–806 (2013)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Serin, I.G., Göksenli, A.: Effect of annealing temperature on hardness and wear resistance of electroless Ni–B–Mo coatings. Surf. Rev. Lett. 22(05), 1550058 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Tribological behavior of electroless Ni–B–W coating at room and elevated temperatures. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J 232(11), 1450–1466 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Eraslan, S., Ürgen, M.: Oxidation behavior of electroless Ni–P, Ni–B and Ni–W–B coatings deposited on steel substrates. Surf. Coat. Technol. 265, 46–52 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Effect of heat treatment on tribological behavior of electroless Ni-B-Mo coatings at different operating temperatures. Silicon 10, 1203–1215 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Effect of operating temperature on tribological behavior of as-plated Ni-B coating deposited by electroless method. Tribol. Trans. 61(1), 41–52 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Tribological behavior of sodium borohydride reduced electroless nickel alloy coatings at room and elevated temperatures. Surf. Coat. Technol. 321, 464–476 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Deng, J.: Introduction to grey system theory. J. Grey Syst. 1(1), 1–24 (1989)MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vitry, V., Bonin, L.: Increase of boron content in electroless nickel-boron coating by modification of plating conditions. Surf. Coat. Technol. 311, 164–171 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kundu, S., Das, S.K., Sahoo, P.: Tribological behaviour of electroless Ni-P deposits under elevated temperature. Silicon 10(2), 329–342 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mukhopadhyay, A., Barman, T.K., Sahoo, P.: Friction and wear performance of electroless Ni-B coatings at different operating temperatures. Silicon,  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-017-9678-y (2018)

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arkadeb Mukhopadhyay
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tapan Kumar Barman
    • 1
  • Prasanta Sahoo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations