Conclusion: Beyond Religion and Emergent Socio-political Counterpoints

  • Edlyne Eze Anugwom
Part of the New Directions in Islam book series (NDI)


The chapter contends inter alia that the Boko Haram insurgence has been driven largely by the structural character of the Nigerian state. These characteristics range from poor governance, political patronage to corruption and decadent political elites. Thus, Boko Haram has been able to thrive not only because of incendiary preaching or demeaning socio-economic conditions in the Northeast but as a result of a constellation of factors. Also, critical features and influences on the insurgence range from robust historical antecedents to an ideology webbed around the immediacy of jihad and revival of Shari’a. Apart from a nuanced de-radicalization programme, the response to the insurgence should be comprehensive and embody actions on the micro/individual level, meso/immediate milieu and the macro level of the state in Nigeria. However, all these should not be anchored on a simple perception of Boko Haram as a terrorist group, since the sect is much more complex than this and responds largely to socio-structural factors and forces in Nigeria.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edlyne Eze Anugwom
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of Nigeria NsukkaNsukkaNigeria

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