Introduction: Dickens in Dismaland
Neo-Victorianism, an artistic genre dealing with contemporary works set in the nineteenth century, may be generally described as a cultural time travel. In order to introduce the main theme of this study, iconic Victorian writer Charles Dickens is imagined travelling in the twenty-first century, first visiting Dickens World and then Dismaland, a theme park created by graffiti artist Bansky that is a deliberately ‘deviant’ version of Disneyland. The chapter assumes that Dickens would appreciate more Bansky’s provocative theme park, rather than the canonical and accomodating Dickens World. Accordingly, this introduction (and the whole book) argues that the only way to keep Victorian culture ‘alive’ nowadays is to create a productive textual dialogue between past and present. Victorianism therefore becomes a much more complex phenomenon characterised by multiple forms of ‘deviance’ than it is at first apparent.
- Bansky. 2006. Wall and Piece. London: Random House.Google Scholar
- Bohem-Schnitker, Nadine, and Susanne Gruss. 2014. Introduction. Fashioning the Neo-Victorian—Neo-Victorian Fashions. In Neo-Victorian Literature and Culture: Immersions and Revisitations, ed. Nadine Boehm-Schnitker, and Susanne Gruss, 1–17. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Boyce, Charlotte, and Elodie Rousselot. 2012. The Other Dickens: Neo-Victorian Appropriation and Adaptation. Neo-Victorian Studies 5 (2): 1–11.Google Scholar
- Clayton, Jay. 2003. Dickens in Cyberspace: The Afterlife of the Nineteenth Century in Postmodern Culture. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Clinard, Marshall B., and Robert F. Meier. 2008 . Sociology of Deviant Behaviour. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
- Dickens, Charles. 1850. A Preliminary Word. Household Words 1 (1): 1 (30 March).Google Scholar
- Dickens, Charles. 1994 . Great Expectations. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
- ———. 2003 . A Tale of Two Cities. ed. Richard Maxwell. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
- ———. 2011. The Letters of Charles Dickens 1833–1870, ed. Georgina Hogarth and Mary Dickens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2012. The Selected Letters of Charles Dickens, ed. Jenny Hartley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Eduardo, Gemma. 2014. Social Movements and Protest. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Fleming, Patrick. 2016. After Dickens World: Performing Victorians at the Chatham Docks. Neo-Victorian Studies 9 (1): 12–31.Google Scholar
- Gould, Marty, and Rebecca N. Mitchell. 2010. Understanding The Literary Theme Park: Dickens World as Adaptation. Neo-Victorian Studies 3 (2): 147–171.Google Scholar
- Gutleben, Christian. 2001. Nostalgic Postmodernism: The Victorian Tradition and the Contemporary British Novel. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
- Harvey, Dave. 2015. Banksy’s Dismaland “Gave Weston-Super-Mare a £20 m Boost”. BBC News, September 25. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-bristol-34347681. Accessed 1 Aug 2017.
- Homans, Margaret, and Adrianne Munich. 1997. Introduction. In Remaking Queen Victoria, ed. Margaret Homans and Adrianne Munich, 1–12. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Jackson, Matt. 2016. These Figures Show How Dickens World Has Closed. KentLive, October 12. http://www.kentlive.news/these-figures-show-why-dickens-world-has-closed/story-29803737-detail/story.html/. Accessed 26 June 2017.
- Jameson, Fredric. 1984. Postmodernism, or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
- James, Henry. 1917. The Sense of the Past. London: W. Collins & Co., Ltd.Google Scholar
- John, Juliet. 2008. “People Mutht Be Amuthed”?: Reflections on Chatham’s Dickens World. The Dickensian 104 (474): 5–21.Google Scholar
- ———. 2010. Dickens and Mass Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kohlke, Marie-Luise. 2014. Mining the Neo-Victorian Vein. Prospecting for Gold, Buried Treasure and Uncertain Metal. In Neo-Victorian Literature and Culture. Immersions and Revisitations, ed. Nadine Bohem-Schnitker and Susanne Gruss, 21–37. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Laski, Marghanita. 2014 . The Victorian Chaise-Longue. with a New Preface by P.D. James. London: Persephone Books.Google Scholar
- Lowenthal, David. 2015 . The Past is a Foreign Country: Revisited. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Mandler, Peter. 2002. History and National Life. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
- Ross, Peter. 2017. Charles Dickens: More Relevant than Ever. The Big Issue, May 10. http://www.bigissue.com/culture/charles-dickens-relevant-ever. Accessed 25 June 2017.
- Samuel, Raphael. 2012 . Theatres of Memory: Past and Present in Contemporary Culture. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
- Schlicke, Paul. 1985. Dickens and Popular Entertainment. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
- ———. 2011. Dickens… Off the Record. London: Watkins Publishing.Google Scholar
- Shiller, Dana. 1999. The Redemptive Past in the Neo-Victorian Novel. Studies in the Novel 29 (4): 538–560.Google Scholar
- Shuttleworth, Sally. 1998. Natural History: The Retro-Victorian Novel. In The Third Culture: Literature and Science, ed. Elinor S. Shaffer, 253–268. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
- Strachey, Lytton. 2003. Eminent Victorians . ed. John Sutherland. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sweet, Matthew. 2001. Inventing the Victorians. Chatham: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
- Tomalin, Clare. 2012. A Letter to Charles Dickens on his 200th Birthday. The Guardian, February 7. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/feb/07/letter-charles-dickens-200th-birthday. Accessed 27 June 2017.
- Weisbloom, David. 2012. What Would Dickens Write About If He Were Alive Today? Channel 4, February 7. http://www.channel4.com/news/what-would-dickens-write-about-if-he-were-alive-today. Accessed 25 June 2017.
- Youds, Brian. 2016. Dismal. An Infatuation with Bansky’s Dismaland. Milton Keynes: n.d.Google Scholar