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Chemical and Physical Effects of Acoustic Bubbles

  • Kenji Okitsu
  • Francesca Cavalieri
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

During acoustic cavitation which comprises sequence of nucleation, growth, and collapse of bubbles, physical effects due to shockwaves, micro-jets, strong micro-stirring, etc. are produced. In addition, when bubbles were adiabatically collapsed, the temperature and pressure in collapsing bubbles attained extreme high temperature and high pressure which cause high-temperature reactions in gas and/or liquid phases of the bubble interface. Various types of radicals are also formed by the pyrolysis of solutes and/or solvents. In this chapter, chemical and physical effects of acoustic cavitation are introduced to understand characteristics of the bubbles formed.

Keywords

High temperature High pressure Pyrolysis Radical reaction Shockwave Micro-jet Strong micro-stirring 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Humanities and Sustainable System SciencesOsaka Prefecture UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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