Nanofertilizers and Their Controlled Delivery of Nutrients
Use of nanoparticles as nanofertilizers is a new research area, impacting crop science, environmental science, and agronomy—for example, the properties of the soil, its communities, and plant growth and development. Nanotechnology is now playing an important role because of the demand for high-quality and innocuous foods, and fertilizers with less impact or a neutral impact on the environment and on health. Nanofertilizers could be more stable and more efficient than conventional fertilizers. Nevertheless, nanoparticles could be important pollutant agents if we are not sufficiently well informed to apply or manage them correctly. In this chapter, we give a brief review of several important topics on use of nanoparticles as nanofertilizers, their formulations, and other important topics, such as the properties of ions and nanoparticles, materials for controlled delivery, plant cell processes, the entry of nutrients into plants, the advantages and disadvantages of nanoparticles, and other processes involved with them.
KeywordsControlled delivery Nanofertilizers Uptake Adsorption Nanoparticles
We would like to thank the Instituto Politécnico Nacional and CONACYT for their financial support (project number CB-2016-01 287225) and grant-aided support received by F.L.-V. and F.F.-L.
Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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