Understanding Factors Affecting Well-Being of Marginalized Populations in Different Cultural Contexts: Ethnic and National Identity of Roma Minority Youth in Europe

  • Radosveta DimitrovaEmail author
  • Pasquale Musso
  • Iva Polackova Solcova
  • Delia Stefenel
  • Fitim Uka
  • Skerdi Zahaj
  • Peter Tavel
  • Venzislav Jordanov
  • Evgeni Jordanov
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 74)


This chapter focuses on the intersection of the third, fourth and tenth Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), referring together to key pillars for improving social inclusion of vulnerable disadvantaged youth. Based on both Positive Youth Development approach and mutual intercultural relations perspective, it sets out to investigate developmental assets (such as ethnic and national identities), optimal outcomes (self-esteem), and their relations among Roma youth in six European countries (Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Italy, Kosovo, and Romania). Among these countries, the Czech Republic was initially recognized as the more favorable context facilitating potential alignment of Roma young people’s ecology with their identity resources, and therefore, promoting well-being. Results supported that in the Czech Republic youth experienced more stable integration of both Roma ethnic and national identities in terms of similar mean levels as well as positive associations of both identities with self-esteem. Results for the other countries were quite fragmented depending on the specific contextual conditions. The findings are discussed in light of the SDGs, the theoretical frameworks, research contexts and limitations, and implications.


SDGs Roma youth Ethnic identity National identity Self-esteem Eastern European countries Positive youth development Marginalization Psychological functioning Positive adaptation Well-being Stigmatization Social exclusion 



The authors would like to acknowledge all organizations, students, and teachers for their help for collecting data in all countries represented in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radosveta Dimitrova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pasquale Musso
    • 2
  • Iva Polackova Solcova
    • 3
  • Delia Stefenel
    • 4
  • Fitim Uka
    • 5
  • Skerdi Zahaj
    • 6
  • Peter Tavel
    • 7
  • Venzislav Jordanov
    • 8
  • Evgeni Jordanov
    • 9
  1. 1.University of Bergen, Norway and Stockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.University of PalermoPalermoItaly
  3. 3.The Czech Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic
  4. 4.Lucian Blaga University of SibiuSibiuRomania
  5. 5.University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”PristinaKosovo
  6. 6.University of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  7. 7.Palacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic
  8. 8.University of World and National Economy (UWNE)SofiaBulgaria
  9. 9.Ivan Rilski UniversitySofiaBulgaria

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