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Fall Prevention

  • Hubert BlainEmail author
  • Pierre Louis Bernard
  • Chokri Boubakri
  • Jean Bousquet
Chapter
Part of the Practical Issues in Geriatrics book series (PIG)

Abstract

A third of people aged over 65 years of age fall each year and falls are one of the leading causes for hospitalization and years living with disability. Group and home-based exercise programs that combine balance and moderate intensity strength training are effective to reduce falls in older people. People who present for medical attention because of a fall, or report recurrent falls in the past year, or demonstrate abnormalities of gait and/or balance should be offered a multifactorial falls risk assessment and individualized, targeted interventions that comprise the management of specific causes of gait/balance and muscle strength disturbances, prescription of vitamin D supplements when blood level of vitamin D is low, measures to improve home safety, a review of medications, vision optimization, insertion of a pacemaker in case of carotid sinus hypersensitivity, and multifaceted podiatry.

Keywords

Falls Fall assessment Fall prevention Vitamin D Friendly environment 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hubert Blain
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Pierre Louis Bernard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chokri Boubakri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean Bousquet
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University Hospital of MontpellierMontpellier UniversityMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.MACVIA France, EA 2991, Euromov, Montpellier UniversityMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Centre de Prévention et de Traitement des Maladies du Vieillissement Antonin BalmèsCentre Hospitalier Universitaire de MontpellierMontpellierFrance

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