Optimization in Civil Engineering and Metaheuristic Algorithms: A Review of State-of-the-Art Developments

  • Gebrail Bekdaş
  • Sinan Melih Nigdeli
  • Aylin Ece Kayabekir
  • Xin-She YangEmail author


The aim of this state-of-the-art review is to present the recent progress about the design optimization and applications of metaheuristic algorithms in civil engineering. In this chapter, the importance of optimization in civil engineering and differences with other engineering disciplines are emphasized in the first section. The best suitable techniques concerning metaheuristic methods and several approaches have been summarized and reviewed. These algorithms are effective in dealing with nonlinear design optimization with complex constraints, practical discrete design variables, and user-defined special conditions. The modifications of these algorithms have been carried out and then applied to civil engineering applications. Finally, results are presented with discussion about further potential improvements.



The authors acknowledge their universities for the support and also would like to thank the reviewers for their detailed comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gebrail Bekdaş
    • 1
  • Sinan Melih Nigdeli
    • 1
  • Aylin Ece Kayabekir
    • 1
  • Xin-She Yang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIstanbul UniversityAvcılar, IstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.School of Science and TechnologyMiddlesex UniversityLondonUK

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