The Pivot: Neoconservatives, the Philippines, and the Democracy Agenda
This chapter locates the origins of the post-Cold War neoconservative democracy agenda in Reagan administration policy toward the Philippines. Neoconservatives such as Paul Wolfowitz concluded the repressive Marcos dictatorship fueled the rise of communism in the archipelago. They played a key role in shifting Reagan administration policy from support for authoritarianism toward encouragement for democratic reform. In so doing, the neoconservatives had articulated and implemented a new foreign policy vision that posited democratization as the best inoculant against instability and claimed to cohere realism and idealism. By excavating the contingent, contested articulation of the neoconservative democracy agenda in the Reagan administration, this chapter reveals the period as a key turning point in the history of US democracy promotion.