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The Repudiation and Persistence of Lapidary Medicine in Eighteenth-Century Dutch Medicine and Pharmacy

  • Marieke Hendriksen
Chapter
Part of the Europe's Asian Centuries book series (EAC)

Abstract

Until the eighteenth century, most medical practitioners and natural philosophers were persuaded of the positive effects of at least some gemstones on the human body. In this chapter, Hendriksen argues that as the place of chemistry in universities was consolidated in the eighteenth century, natural philosophers became increasingly critical about the role of minerals, and particularly gemstones, in medicine. However, as she demonstrates, a complex set of social and economic factors meant that this new, critical understanding of gemstones as materia medica in academic chemistry and medicine only slowly transpired in apothecary handbooks and pharmacopeia, and probably in everyday medical practice too.

Keywords

Lapidary medicine Apothecaries Pharmacopeia Universities Chemistry Eighteenth century Gemstones 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This project has received funding from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) through the VIDI research project “Vital Matters” (2012–2017) and from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 648718).

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marieke Hendriksen
    • 1
  1. 1.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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