Inventing Late Industrialisation
This book has addressed many crucial debates on the institutionalisation of patents in nineteenth-century Spain, especially during its final decades. It has not addressed all such debates or covered all sides of the debates but has instead concentrated on the aspects of political regulation, bureaucratic organisation, patenting culture and institutional agency. This epilogue provides an account of the historical relationship between institutional diversity and political economy. It also discusses the difference that the patent system made in the technological development and industrialisation of Spain during the nineteenth century. The final part of the chapter makes historically grounded claims about the political economy of patent protection as it pertains to the dynamics of late industrialisation.