Making the System
The Spanish patent system was established, developed and maintained through pragmatic legal regulations and public rhetoric that supported intellectual property rights on inventions. This chapter considers the key institutional features of the system—including the tacit rules and deliberate administrative arrangements at work. It also seeks to understand the motivations and assumptions of those who created and shaped the Spanish system to function as it did within a context of political and doctrinal discussions about patent regulation and reform and, more broadly, the mid-nineteenth-century European controversy on the matter. The chapter finishes with a study of the evolving patenting activity in the system between 1826 and 1902, including the nature of patent culture and the role of patentees in modelling the system.