Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

  • Marcel Tafen
  • Steven C. StainEmail author


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a life-threatening condition that accounts for a significant number of hospitalizations, leading to considerable morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization. UGIB has a multitude of causes, with peptic ulcer disease and varices being the most common, and disproportionately affects the elderly with a higher mortality among these patients. The majority of UGIB patients do not require intervention; therefore, identifying patients at risk of rebleeding or mortality is the goal. Aggressive resuscitation and timely endoscopy for localization of the bleeding source are paramount to identify patients who do not stop bleeding and may require endoscopic, surgical, or angiographic intervention.


Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage Varices Embolization Ulcer disease Angiography Endoscopic hemostasis Gastric ulcer Duodenal ulcer Dieulafoy’s lesion 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA

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