Opportunity Maps for Sustainable Use of Natural Capital

  • Bart de KnegtEmail author
  • Dirk C. J. van der Hoek
  • Clara J. Veerkamp


The Dutch government has the ambition to make its policies more “nature-inclusive”. Nature-inclusive policy recognises the wide range of services provided by ecosystems and biodiversity, aiming for sustainable use of these services. Hence, an important objective of the Dutch government is to more explicitly address these benefits and the effects of interventions on natural capital in decision-making processes. Our study contributes to this objective by identifying areas with opportunities for sustainable use of natural capital. It helps policymakers and other stakeholders to focus their policies and to set priorities.We developed a method for making opportunity maps that identify potential areas to use natural capital in a sustainable way. This method was applied to three cases: sustainable food production, flood safety improvement, and sustainable drinking water production.


Ecosystem services Natural capital Opportunity maps Sustainable agricultural production Flood safety improvement Sustainable drinking water production 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bart de Knegt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dirk C. J. van der Hoek
    • 2
  • Clara J. Veerkamp
    • 2
  1. 1.Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University & ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment AgencyThe HagueThe Netherlands

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