Alien Planktonic Species in the Marine Realm: What Do They Mean for Ecosystem Services Provision?

  • Alexandra KrabergEmail author
  • Gesche Krause


Biodiversity, which in its simplest form is defined as the number of species in a system and their abundance, is considered vital for ecosystem stability [1].


Climate change Foodweb Harmful algae Non-native species Plankton 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt HelgolandAlfred-Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine ResearchHelgolandGermany
  2. 2.Division of Climate SciencesAlfred Wegener InstituteBremerhavenGermany

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