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Wind Power Deployment as a Stressor for Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Case Study from Germany and Sweden

  • Thomas LaufEmail author
  • Kristina Ek
  • Erik Gawel
  • Paul Lehmann
  • Patrik Söderholm
Chapter

Abstract

The ecological and social impacts of wind power plants affect the provision of ecosystem services in many ways, mainly with respect to cultural services as well as habitat provision. These challenges need to be considered when a proper institutional framework for the deployment of wind power is to be designed to mitigate trade-offs between different ecosystem services. Understanding how the current institutional framework affects the spatial allocation of wind turbines and the related impacts on ecosystem services is a first step towards this insight. Using the cases of Germany and Sweden, we show that both noninstitutional and institutional factors may have a significant impact on the distribution of wind turbines. Their relative importance varies with geographical and regulatory contexts.

Keywords

Wind power Renewable energy policy Ecosystem services Wind power deployment 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Lauf
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kristina Ek
    • 2
  • Erik Gawel
    • 1
    • 3
  • Paul Lehmann
    • 1
    • 3
  • Patrik Söderholm
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Economics UnitLuleå University of TechnologyLuleåSweden
  3. 3.Faculty of Economics and Management Science, Institute for Infrastructure and Resources ManagementUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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