Appeasement and Recoil

  • Darioush Bayandor


Jafar Sharif-Emami was an unlikely choice for handling the internal crisis, but in the wake of the Abadan disaster, the Shah acquiesced in the demands by the Qom high clerics to make him prime minister with full powers. His strategy was to forge a consensus with moderate religious forces before entering into collective bargaining with Khomeini. His appeasement policies aimed at facilitating this line led to further chaos and paralysis. The pro-Khomeini camp took advantage by showing a mammoth display of support in two back-to-back street processions. Khomeini issued a new revolutionary ruling: street protests, like worshiping the god, must continue uninterrupted. Moves by the opposition to comply with that ruling alarmed the security officialdom; the government banned rallies and declared martial law which led to the calamitous Black Friday on September 8, 1978.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darioush Bayandor
    • 1
  1. 1.NyonSwitzerland

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