Advertisement

Macedonia: Local Government Efficiency and Ethnic Fragmentation

  • Marjan Nikolov
Chapter

Abstract

Since its independence in 1991, Macedonia has experienced three distinct periods of decentralisation. This chapter presents the process of territorial organisation in Macedonia during these three periods, as well as the trends and developments of the revenues, expenditures, and the horizontal equalisation design. The third period, beginning in 2005, gained momentum following the post-Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) new Constitution and was marked by an ethno-political impact on the efficiency of public service delivery at the local government level. The analysis shows that the expensive preferential policies adopted during decentralisation in post-OFA Macedonia might not be matched with the level of development of the social capital in the country.

Keywords

Decentralisation Horizontal equalisation Ethnic fragmentation Macedonia 

References

  1. Ackermann, A. (2001). On the razor’s edge: Macedonia ten years after independence. Retrieved from http://www.core-hamburg.de/documents/yearbook/english/01/ackermann.pdf
  2. Arsovski, M., Kuzev, S., & Damjanovski, R. (2006). Vojnata vo Makedonija vo 2001 godina [The war in Macedonia in 2001]. Skopje: Matica Makedonska.Google Scholar
  3. Bartlett, W., Cipusheva, H., & Shukarov, M. (2010). The quality of life and regional development in Macedonia. Croatian Economic Survey, 12(1), 121–162.Google Scholar
  4. Bojicic-Dzelilovic, V. (2011). Decentralization and regionalization in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Issues and challenges. LSE papers on Decentralization and Regional Policy, Research paper no. 2.Google Scholar
  5. Center for Economic Analyses (CEA). (2006). The future of local public finances. Retrieved from http://www.cea.org.mk/documents/studii/CR_ANG_WEB.pdf
  6. Coalition for budget monitoring (CBM). (2013). Retrieved from http://kbm.mk/
  7. European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR). (2007). Estimation of the costs of the transferred competences to local government units. EuropeAid to Macedonia, No. 05MAC01/07/11/001.Google Scholar
  8. Horowitz, D. (2000). Ethnic groups in conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. Joseph, R. (2006). Politics and ethnicity: A comparative study. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Koneska, C. (2012). Vetoes, ethnic bidding, decentralisation: Post-conflict education in Macedonia. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe, 11(4), 28–50.Google Scholar
  11. Lipset, S. M. (1983). Political man: The social bases of politics (2nd ed.). London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  12. Loew, D. (2013). Decentralization as a model for conflict: The case of Kosovo. CCS Working Papers, 16.Google Scholar
  13. Lyon, A. (2011). Municipal decentralisation in the Republic of Macedonia: Preserving a multi-ethnic state? Federal Governance, 8(3), 28–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Minorities at Risk (MAR). (2012). Chronology for Albanians in Macedonia. Retrieved from http://www.mar.umd.edu/chronology.asp?groupId=34301.
  15. Monteux, C. (2006). Decentralization: The new delusion of ethnic conflict regulation. International Journal of Multicultural Societies, 8(2), 162–182.Google Scholar
  16. Network of Associations of Local Authorities of South-East Europe (NALAS). (2016). Fiscal decentralization indicators for South-East Europe: 2006–2014. Retrieved from http://www.nalas.eu/Publications/Books/2016_FD_Report
  17. Nikolov, M. (2004). Fiscal decentralization in Macedonia: Recent developments and challenges. Centre for Economic Analysis (CEA). Retrieved from http://pdc.ceu.hu/archive/00002625/01/Fiscal_Decentralization.pdf
  18. Nikolov, M. (2005). An assessment of fiscal decentralization reform in Macedonia. In United Nations Development Programme—UNDP (Eds.), Fiscal decentralization in transition economies: Case studies from the Balkans and the Caucasus. Retrieved from http://www.cea.org.mk/documents/studii/FiscalDecentralization2005%20UNDP.pdf
  19. Nikolov, M. (2013). Cost efficiency of municipalities in service delivery: Does ethnic fragmentation matter? Ljubljana: Lex Localis.  https://doi.org/10.4335/978.961.6842.16.7(2013).
  20. Nikolov, M. (2016). Accession states. In E. Ahmad, M. Bordignon, & G. Brosio (Eds.), Multi-level finance and the euro crisis. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  21. Nikolov, M., & Brosio, G. (2015). Efficient delivery of ethnic public services in ethnically fragmented municipalities. Lex Localis—Journal of Local Self-Government, 13(3), 299–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nikolov, M., & Hrovatin, N. (2013). Cost efficiency of Macedonian municipalities: Does ethnic fragmentation matter? Lex Localis—Journal of Local Self-Government, 11(3), 743–775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nikolov, M., & Stojkov, A. (2007). Study on the role of local government in economic development and macroeconomic stability—The case of Macedonia. Centre for Economic Analysis (CEA). Retrieved from http://cea.org.mk/documents/proekti/CEA%20Final%20Report%20F%20dec%20mac%20stability%20growth%20REV%20Final.pdf
  24. Popovski, V., & Panov, M. (1998). Opštinite vo Republika Makedonija [The municipalities of the Republic of Macedonia]. Skopje: Misla.Google Scholar
  25. Siljanovska-Davkova, G. (2007). Globalisation, democracy and constitutional engineering as mechanism for resolving ethnic conflict. Athens: VII World Congress of Constitutional Law.Google Scholar
  26. Svejnar, J. (2002). Transitional economies: Challenges and perspectives. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(1), 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vankovska, B. (2007). Politichki system [Political system]. Skopje: Bomat Grafiks.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjan Nikolov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Economic AnalysesSkopjeMacedonia
  2. 2.International Slavic UniversitySkopjeMacedonia

Personalised recommendations