Psychological Hardiness and Coping Strategies to Deal with Traumatic Event at Algerian Firefighters

  • Lahcene BouabdellahEmail author
  • Idir Bensalem
  • Mohamed Mokdad
  • Houda Kherbache
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 819)


The purpose of this study is to investigate the psychological hardiness and coping strategies among Algerian firefighters.

The study used the quantitative method (cross-sectional survey).

Data were collected using the Scale of Psychological hardiness [1], and Ways of Coping Check List (WCC) [2].

The study sample consisted of (99) firefighters.

It has been found that both psychological hardiness, and coping strategies increased over time among Algerian firefighters.


Algerian firefighters Psychological hardiness Coping strategies 


  1. 1.
    Mikhamar E (2002) Psychological rigidity scale. Anglo-Egyptian Library, CairoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cousson F, Bruchon-Schweitzer M, Quintard B, Nuissier J (1996) Analyse multidimensionnelle d’une échelle de coping: validation française de la W.C.C. (Ways of Coping Checklist). Psychologie Française 41(2):155–164Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bos J, Mol E, Visser B, Frings-Dresen M (2004) Risk of health complaints and disabilities among Dutch firefighters. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 77:373–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bailly D (1996) The role of β-adrenoceptor blockers in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. CNS Drugs 5(2):115–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pierron R (1983) l’agression c’est les autres. édition Bordas, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kobasa SC (1979) Stressful life events. J Personal Soc Psychol 37(1):01–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ray C, Lindop J, Gibson S (1982) The concept of coping. Psychol Med 12(2):385–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lazarus RS, Folkman S (1984) Stress, appraisal and coping. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sawhney G, Jennings KS, Britt TW, Sliter MT (2017) Occupational stress and mental health symptoms: examining the moderating effect of work recovery strategies in firefighters. J Occup Health Psychol, 1–14. Advance online publication, 12 JuneGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gerson M (1998) The relationship between hardiness, coping skills and stress in graduate student’s Unpublished Doctoral dissertation. Adler school of professional psychology, TorrontoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sétif University 2SétifAlgeria
  2. 2.University of BahrainSakhirBahrain

Personalised recommendations