Advertisement

Mathematical Approach to Estimate the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate of Male Bakers in Abeokuta, Nigeria

  • Adekunle Ibrahim Musa
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 819)

Abstract

The study presented the mathematical approach to determine the Peak expiratory flow rate of male bakers in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria with the relationship of the peak expiratory flow rate and the anthropometrical parameters. A total of One hundred and Eighty (180) individuals were investigated with ninety (90) bakers (study group) who are exposed to flour dust and ninety (90) control subjects. The entire subject both study and control group are male. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and anthropometrical parameters were measured using mini-Wright peak flow meter (PFM 20, OMRON) and Detecto PD300MDHR (Cardinal Scale manufacturing company USA) column scale respectively. PEFR measured were compared using T-test and regression analysis. A mathematical model was developed to determine the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) with four factors of body mass, height, age and year of exposure where applicable. The study showed that PEFR in bakers was 182.67 ± 16.34 L/min as against 287.67 ± 17.03 L/min for control group from the regression analysis. Similarly, the model revealed that baker has 182.69 L/min and 285.77 L/min for control group. The Study concluded that using the developed model will serve as a great importance to workers to determine the level of their health and subsequently prevent untimely death.

Keywords

Bakery Flour Dust Workers Peak expiratory flow rate Exposure Asthma 

References

  1. Abou Taleb ANM, Musaniger AO, Abdelmoneim RB (1995) Health status of cement workers in the United Arab Emirates. J R Soc Health 2:378–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baatjies R, Meijster T, Lopata A, Sander I, Raulf-Heimsoth M, Heederik D, Jeebhay M (2010) Exposure to flour dust in South African supermarket bakeries: modeling of baseline measurements of an intervention study. Ann Occup Hyg 54(3):309–318Google Scholar
  3. Benjaponpitak S, Direkwattanachai C, Kraisarin C, Sasisakulporn C (1999) Peak expiratory rate values of students in Bangkok. J Med Assoc Thai 82(Suppl 1):S137–S143Google Scholar
  4. Elebute EA, Femi-Pearse D (1971) Peak flow rate in Nigeria: anthropometric determinants and usefulness in assessment of ventilatory function. Thorax 26:597–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Host A, Host AH, Ibsen T (1994) Peak expiratory flow rate in healthy children aged 6–17 years. Acta Paediatr 83(12):1255–1257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ige OM, Awoyemi OB (2002) Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function of the bakery workers in Ibadan Nigeria. West Afr J Med 21(4):316–318Google Scholar
  7. Meo SA (2006) Dose responses of years of exposure on lung function in flour mill workers. J Occup Health 46:187–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Musa AI (2015) Peak expiratory flow rate model for female bakers in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Southwest Nigeria. In: 2nd international conference on applied sciences and technology (ICAST 2015), 28–30 October 2015 at Technical University (formerly Kumasi Polytechnic), Kumasi, Ghana. www.Icast.kpoly.edu.gh
  9. Musa AI, Ishola AA, Adeyemi HO (2016a) Investigation of peak expiratory flow rate of female bakers in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. J Sci Eng Res 3(3):67–72 http://www.jsaer.com/Google Scholar
  10. Musa AI, Adeyemi HO, Odunlami SA (2016b) Modelling the peak expiratory flow rate for female bakers in Abeokuta, Nigeria. FUTA J Res Sci 12(1):46–54 http://www.fjrs.futa.edu.ng/Google Scholar
  11. Rafnsson V, Gunnarsdottir H, Kiilunen M (1997) Risk of lung cancer among masons in Iceland. Occup Environ Med 54:184–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Verma SS, Sharma YK, Arora S, Bandopadhyay P, Selvamurthy W (2000) Indirect assessment of peak expiratory flow rate in healthy Indian children. J Trop Paediatr 46:54–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Vestbo J, Knudsen KM, Raffn E, Korsgaard B, Rasmussen FV (1991) Exposure to cement dust at a Portland cement factory and the risk of cancer. Br J Ind Med 48:803–807Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMoshood Abiola PolytechnicAbeokutaNigeria

Personalised recommendations