Advertisement

Work Postural and Environmental Factors for Lower Extremity Pain and Malalignment in Rice Farmers

  • Manida Swangnetr Neubert
  • Rungthip Puntumetakul
  • Usa Karukunchit
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 820)

Abstract

In many Southeast Asian Countries, most tasks of the rice cultivation rely heavily on manual labor and require prolonged working in muddy terrain. Due to the lack of comprehensive ergonomic assessment and interventions, a series of studies were conducted to examine work postural and environmental factors contributing to lower extremity (LE) pain and malalignment in Thai rice farmers. This paper evaluates the collective results of our previous studies, which can be divided into two stages. The initial stage included a survey of pain perception and physical examination of LE alignment to specify the most problematic LE parts in a large group of 250 farmers, revealing that farmers generally perceived elevated hip pain. However, physical examination identified a high prevalence of foot pronation and knee valgus. A subsequent detailed analytical stage, conducted to identify factors of LE pain on a smaller group of 30 farmers, included two-stage ergonomic risk assessment and investigation of effects of muddy work terrain in different laboratory settings. The ergonomic assessment results indicated the planting process to pose the highest risk for LE injury, specifically leading to perception of knee pain induced by motion and posture factors, and foot pain induced by force exertion. Experiential results showed muddy ground to induce significantly higher force on knees and higher levels of knee and ankle muscle exertion. The findings suggest that further development of interventions should focus on reducing awkward posture and muscular exertion due to mud resistive force, particularly for knee and foot during the planting process.

Keywords

Lower extremity pain Risk assessment Muddy work environment Muscle activity Rice cultivation process 

References

  1. 1.
    Reid CR, Bush PM, Karwowski W, Durrani SK (2010) Occupational postural activity and lower extremity discomfort: a review. Int J Ind Ergon 40(3):247–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fathallah FA (2010) Musculoskeletal disorders in labor-intensive agriculture. Appl Ergon 41(6):738–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ministry of Commerce of Thailand. Thailand trading report (agricultural products). http://www.ops3.moc.go.th/menucomen/export_topn_re/report.asp. Accessed 18 Apr 2018
  4. 4.
    Mokkamul P (2006) Ethnobotanical study of rice growing process in northeastern, Thailand. Ethnobot Res Appl 4:213–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Puntumetakul R, Siritaratiwat W, Boonprakob Y, Eungpinichpong W, Puntumetakul M (2011) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in farmers: case study in Sila, Muang Khon Kaen, Khon Kaen province. J Med Technol Phys Ther 23(3):297–303Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Osborne A, Blake C, Fullen BM, Meredith D, Phelan J, McNamara J, Cunningham C (2012) Risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among farm owners and farm workers: a systematic review. Am J Ind Med 55(4):376–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Woolf AD, Pfleger B (2003) Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions. Bull World Health Organ 81(9):646–656Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karukunchit U, Puntumetakul R, Swangnetr M, Boucaut R (2015) Prevalence and risk factor analysis of lower extremity abnormal alignment characteristics among rice farmers. Patient Prefer Adher 9:785–795Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Saetan O, Khiewyoo J, Jones C, Ayuwat D (2010) Musculoskeletal disorders among northeastern construction workers with temporary migration. Srinagarind Med J (SMJ) 22(2):165–173Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khamis S, Yizhar Z (2007) Effect of feet hyperpronation on pelvic alignment in a standing position. Gait Posture 25:127–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Barwick A, Smith J, Chuter V (2012) The relationship between foot motion and lumbopelvic-hip function: a review of the literature. Foot 12:224–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chuter VH, Janse de Jonge X (2012) Proximal and distal contributions to lower extremity injury: a review of the literature. Gait Posture 36:7–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Neubert MS, Karukunchit U, Puntumetakul R (2017) Identification of influence demographic and work-related risk factors associated to lower extremity pain perception among rice farmers. Work J Prev Assess Rehabil 58:489–498Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    McAtamney L, Corlett EN (1993) RULA: a survey method for the investigation of work-related upper limb disorders. Appl Ergon 24(2):91–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tropea C, Yarin AL, Foss JF (2007) Springer handbook of experimental fluid mechanics, vol 1. Springer science & business media, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Juntaracena K, Swangnetr M (2016) Effects of muddy work terrain on force of rice farmer lower extremity joints during rice planting process. In: Proceedings of the 4th IIAE international conference on industrial application engineering, Beppu, JapanGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Juntaracena K, Neubert MS, Puntumetakul R (2018) Effects of muddy terrain on lower extremity muscle activity and discomfort during the rice planting process. Int J Ind Ergon 66:187–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Daneshmandi H, Saki F, Shahheidari S, Khoori A (2011) Lower extremity malalignment and its linear relation with Q angle in female athletes. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 15:3349–3354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shultz SJ, Nguyen A, Levine BJ (2009) The relationship between lower extremity alignment characteristics and anterior knee joint laxity. Sports Health 1(1):54–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Viester L, Verhagen EA, Hengel KMO, Koppes LL, van der Beek AJ, Bongers PM (2013) The relation between body mass index and musculoskeletal symptoms in the working population. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 14(1):238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Messing K, Tissot F, Stock S (2008) Distal lower-extremity pain and work postures in the Quebec population. Am J Public Health 98(4):705–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Nguyen AD, Shultz SJ (2007) Sex differences in clinical measures of lower extremity alignment. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 37(7):389–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Keogh E, Herdenfeldt M (2002) Gender, coping and the perception of pain. Pain 97:195–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Scerpella TA, Stayer TJ, Makhuli BZ (2005) Ligamentous laxity and noncontact anterior cruciate ligament tear: a sex-based comparison. Orthopedics 28:656–660Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nguyen AD, Shultz SJ (2009) Identifying relationships among lower extremity alignment characteristics. J Athletic Train 44:511–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meyer RH, Radwin RG (2007) Comparison of stoop versus prone postures for a simulated agricultural harvesting task. Appl Ergon 38(5):549–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manida Swangnetr Neubert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rungthip Puntumetakul
    • 2
    • 3
  • Usa Karukunchit
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Program of Production Technology, Faculty of TechnologyKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Research Center in Back, Neck, Other Joint Pain and Human PerformanceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.Division of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical SciencesKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  4. 4.Faculty of Physical TherapySaint Louis CollegeBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations