Contributions of Simulation for Developing New Activities: Simultaneous Approach of Activity and Space in the Case of a Fire Department Situation Room Design Process

Special Session: Ergonomics Simulation Tools in Design and Organizational Change Projects
  • Nadia HeddadEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 821)


This text discusses the contribution of simulation in designing space and organization particularly for an activity which does not exist yet but that need to be anticipated. The design concerns the spatial organization for a new building that could shelter a crisis activity in an operational coordination center for firefighters in the city of Paris. The project was done before the recent attacks in Paris. The difficulty was specially focused on designing a situation room for managing crisis with firefighters with low experience of crisis situation. The objective was to assist the firefighters to imagine the space for an unpredictable activity. By exploiting tools and media used daily in their activity in addition to simulation on cardboard mock-ups, it became possible to build benchmarks to think the criteria for the space of their possible future activity. By anchoring their gestures around magnets during simulations, they were able to project themselves in different crisis situations. By projecting different organizations with magnets on whiteboard combined to drawings and mock-ups, they finally succeed to question their way of working in a reflexive approach. Their contribution to the design process was then possible. The architect involved in the participatory design process could finally get access and take into account the different requirement of work in an operational coordination center designed for firefighters having to prepared to deal with possible and unimaginable crisis.


Simulation Organization Space 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, FCPSParisFrance

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