Virtual Simulations for Incorporating Ergonomics into Design Projects: Opportunities and Limitations of Different Media and Approaches

  • Esdras ParavizoEmail author
  • Daniel Braatz
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 821)


Throughout the design process, project actors rely on a variety of artifacts for fostering creativity, communication and make-sensing among the project team. Among those artefacts are virtual simulations, achieved using different types of software in which different scenarios and configurations of the future situation can be discussed and tested out. In this paper, we aim to achieve a better understanding on how Ergonomics research and practice can benefit from utilizing computer-based simulation, especially using “CAD”, “Game Engines”, “Discrete Event Simulation” and “Digital Human Modelling and Simulation” software. Through a brief review of the relevant literature we were able to get an overall understanding of how researchers and practitioners are using these tools to incorporate ergonomics into the design process. The affordances and limitations of each tool for simulating future scenarios in an ergonomics perspective are highlighted. Additionally, a comparison framework inspired by Ziolek and Krutihof (2000) division of the human modelling environment process was developed. The four aspects of this comparison framework comprised the manikin, the environment, the analysis and the interactions. Then, each of the presented tools were compared along these dimensions. Furthermore, we discuss possible ways for articulating these simulation tools throughout the design process. The results can help practitioners and researchers when planning computer simulations targeting ergonomics aspects of future work systems.


Computer aided design Game engines Discrete Event Simulation Digital Human Modelling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringFederal University of Sao CarlosSao CarlosBrazil

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