The Relationship of Space Experience and Human Anthropometric Sizes in Aircraft Seat Pitch

  • Shabila AnjaniEmail author
  • Wenhua Li
  • Peter Vink
  • Iemkje Ruiter
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 823)


This study explores the relationship between space experience and human anthropometric sizes in different aircraft seat pitch. 294 participants experienced economy class seats in a Boeing 737 with 28 in, 30 in, 32 in and 34 in pitches for 10 min each. The sizes taken were: stature, sitting height, eye height seated, buttock-knee length and popliteal height sitting with shoes. A space experience questionnaire was completed by the 294 participants while sitting in the seat after the 10-min period given to explore the seat. The results show that passengers with a higher popliteal height, a longer buttock-knee depth, a higher eye height sitting and a higher sitting height show more discomfort with reduced pitch then shorter passengers. Eye height did not correlate as good with space perception as was expected.


Seat pitch Comfort Discomfort Space experience Anthropometric measurements 



Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan Republik Indonesia as the scholarship provider for the PhD of Shabila Anjani.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Design EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Shaanxi Engineering Laboratory for Industrial DesignNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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