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Electronic Voting for All: Co-creating an Accessible Interface

  • Daan van Eijk
  • Johan Molenbroek
  • Lilian Henze
  • Geert Niermeijer
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)

Abstract

The study investigated the extent to which electronic voting is accessible to Dutch voters, especially the visually impaired, those with low literacy, and the elderly. Together with the different user groups, a series of electronic interfaces were developed and simulations of a vote-printer were built to run tests on large numbers of participants. The interface consisted of a card reader, a touchscreen and a printer; audio support was available via a headset. For participants with disabilities, the independent variables were visual impairment and low literacy. For elderly participants, the independent variable was age. All participants were asked to make specific choices on the screen and to check the printed result for their choice. As reference, they were asked to vote using the current Dutch ballot paper/red pencil system. The criteria used to determine the accessibility of both systems was: does the printed ballot match the intended vote? The vote-printer significantly increased independent voting by the visually impaired, however this was not seen for the low-literacy group. For the elderly, the use of a vote-printer with electronic interface is equally as accessible as the current paper ballot. All three groups reported using a vote-printer with electronic interface to be easier than the current paper ballot. The study confirmed that co-creating with intended users in the early conceptualization phase is key.

Keywords

Accessibility Electronic voting Design for all 

References

  1. 1.
    Van Eijk DJ, Niermeijer G (2015) Ontwerp en toetsing van een simulatie van een stemprinter (Design and evaluation of a simulation of a vote-printer), TU-Delft, DelftGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Expert Group Electronic voting and counting in the polling station: Nieuwe test met een simulatie stemprinter (New test with a simulation of a vote-printer), letter to Lower Chamber of parliament 28–04–2016, Appendix 4Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Molenbroek JFM, Groothuizen TJJ, De Bruin R (2011) Design for all; not excluded by design. In: A friendly rest room: developing toilets of the future for disabled and elderly people, pp. 7–18. IOS Press, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daan van Eijk
    • 1
  • Johan Molenbroek
    • 1
  • Lilian Henze
    • 1
  • Geert Niermeijer
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands

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