How to Develop a HMI for an Agricultural Tractor Focusing on the Handling of Various Implements

  • Andreas KaufmannEmail author
  • Timo Schempp
  • Ingmar Stoehr
  • Markus Schmid
  • Thomas Maier
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)


Mobile machines are used in a variety of work scenarios. One of these machines is the tractor in agricultural use. The agricultural tractor operates with a huge number of different implements. These need to be controlled with just one static human machine interface. Consequently, there is a grand difficulty to get all the different scenarios arranged with one compromise interface system solution which is in charge of the possibility that every implement can be operated with. Thus the need of an adaptive human machine interface (HMI) is the initial situation of this research project, called aISA – adaptive Interface Systems in Agricultural tractors. Based on field measurements with an agricultural tractor, surveys and theoretical analysis a method was generated which enables the development of adaptive interface systems. By the example of the HMI of an agricultural tractor the method will be validated. This paper deals with the analysis and the development of the method which leads to first concepts of an adaptive HMI.


Human-Machine-Interface Adaptive interfaces Cognitive ergonomics in mobile machines 



The project is supported by funds of the Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank, Germany


  1. 1.
    International Organization for Standardization (2013) Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - basic types - vocabulary, 65.060.01. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
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    Schmid M, Maier T (2017) Technisches interface design. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Adaptive control elements to improve the hmi of an agricultural tractor (2018) In: Schempp T, Kaufmann A (eds) Paper accepted in proceedings of the AHFE 2018 international conference on human factors and systems interaction, Orlando, USA, July 2018Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Kaufmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Timo Schempp
    • 2
  • Ingmar Stoehr
    • 3
  • Markus Schmid
    • 1
  • Thomas Maier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Engineering Design and Industrial Design (IKTD), Department of Industrial Design EngineeringUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural EngineeringUniversity of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.elobau GmbH & Co. KGLeutkirchGermany

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